3 Headed Dog Guards The Gates Of Hell

3 Headed Dog Guards The Gates Of Hell
Edward R. Forte November 21, 2021

Gates, Doors, And Pens

3 Headed Dog Guards The Gates Of Hell

[4] And, like these close relatives, Cerberus was, with only the rare iconographic exception, multi-headed.Between them, a tree represents the sacred grove of Hades' wife Persephone.[27] Athena, Hermes and Heracles, leading a two-headed Cerberus out of the underworld, as Persephone looks on.[29] According to Apollodorus, this was the twelfth and final labour imposed on Heracles.[30] In a fragment from a lost play Pirithous, (attributed to either Euripides or Critias) Heracles says that, although Eurystheus commanded him to bring back Cerberus, it was not from any desire to see Cerberus, but only because Eurystheus thought that the task was impossible.Euripides has his initiation being "lucky" for Heracles in capturing Cerberus.In the Odyssey, Homer has Hermes and Athena as his guides.Along with bringing back Cerberus, Heracles also managed (usually) to rescue Theseus, and in some versions Pirithous as well.[40] According to Apollodorus, Heracles found Theseus and Pirithous near the gates of Hades, bound to the "Chair of Forgetfulness, to which they grew and were held fast by coils of serpents", and when they saw Heracles, "they stretched out their hands as if they should be raised from the dead by his might", and Heracles was able to free Theseus, but when he tried to raise up Pirithous, "the earth quaked and he let go.560 BC) from Olympia, where Theseus and Pirithous (named) are seated together on a chair, arms held out in supplication, while Heracles approaches, about to draw his sword.[43] In the lost play Pirithous, both heroes are rescued,[44] while in the rationalized account of Philochorus, Heracles was able to rescue Theseus, but not Pirithous.[45] In one place Diodorus says Heracles brought back both Theseus and Pirithous, by the favor of Persephone,[46] while in another he says that Pirithous remained in Hades, or according to "some writers of myth" that neither Theseus, nor Pirithous returned.In some early sources Cerberus' capture seems to involve Heracles fighting Hades.Consistent with the no iron requirement, on an early-sixth-century BC lost Corinthian cup, Heracles is shown attacking Hades with a stone,[54] while the iconographic tradition, from c.560 BC, often shows Heracles using his wooden club against Cerberus.[69] Seneca's Cerberus too, like Ovid's, reacts violently to his first sight of daylight.Pausanias reports that according to local legend Cerberus was brought up through a chasm in the earth dedicated to Clymenus (Hades) next to the sanctuary of Chthonia at Hermione, and in Euripides' Heracles, though Euripides does not say that Cerberus was brought out there, he has Cerberus kept for a while in the "grove of Chthonia" at Hermione.[71] Pausanias also mentions that at Mount Laphystion in Boeotia, that there was a statue of Heracles Charops ("with bright eyes"), where the Boeotians said Heracles brought up Cerberus.[72] Other locations which perhaps were also associated with Cerberus being brought out of the underworld include, Hierapolis, Thesprotia, and Emeia near Mycenae.[81] Homer does not name or describe Cerberus, but simply refers to Heracles being sent by Eurystheus to fetch the "hound of Hades", with Hermes and Athena as his guides,[82] and, in a possible reference to Cerberus' capture, that Heracles shot Hades with an arrow.630 – 555 BC) apparently wrote a poem called Cerberus, of which virtually nothing remains.[86] However the early-sixth-century BC-lost Corinthian cup from Argos, which showed a single head, and snakes growing out from many places on his body,[87] was possibly influenced by Stesichorus' poem.[90] Bacchylides (5th century BC) also mentions Heracles bringing Cerberus up from the underworld, with no further details.425 – 348 BC) refers to Cerberus' composite nature, citing Cerberus, along with Scylla and the Chimera, as an example from "ancient fables" of a creature composed of many animal forms "grown together in one".[100] Euphorion of Chalcis (3rd century BC) describes Cerberus as having multiple snake tails, and eyes that flashed, like sparks from a blacksmith's forge, or the volcaninc Mount Etna.Cerberus is described as "triple-throated", with "three fierce mouths", multiple "large backs", and serpents writhing around his neck.[104] Later Virgil describes Cerberus, in his bloody cave, crouching over half-gnawed bones.[110] Seneca's Cerberus has three heads, a mane of snakes, and a snake tail, with his three heads being covered in gore, and licked by the many snakes which surround them, and with hearing so acute that he can hear "even ghosts".But upon leaving the underworld, at his first sight of daylight, a frightened Cerberus struggles furiously, and Heracles, with the help of Theseus (who had been held captive by Hades, but released, at Heracles' request) drag Cerberus into the light.[112] Seneca, like Diodorus, has Heracles parade the captured Cerberus through Greece.Heracles asked Hades (here called Pluto) for Cerberus, and Hades said that Heracles could take Cerberus provided he was able to subdue him without using weapons.In an apparently unique version of the story, related by the sixth-century AD Pseudo-Nonnus, Heracles descended into Hades to abduct Persephone, and killed Cerberus on his way back up.petasos) and One of the two earliest depictions of the capture of Cerberus (composed of the last five figures on the right) shows, from right to left: Cerberus, with a single dog head and snakes rising from his body, fleeing right, Hermes, with his characteristic hat () and caduceus , Heracles, with quiver on his back, stone in left hand, and bow in right, a goddess, standing in front of Hades' throne, facing Heracles, and Hades, with scepter, fleeing left.The capture of Cerberus was a popular theme in ancient Greek and Roman art.590–580 BC) from Argos (now lost),[117] shows a naked Heracles, with quiver on his back and bow in his right hand, striding left, accompanied by Hermes.Heracles threatens Hades with a stone, who flees left, while a goddess, perhaps Persephone or possibly Athena, standing in front of Hades' throne, prevents the attack.The other earliest depiction, a relief pithos fragment from Crete (c.A mid-sixth-century BC Laconian cup by the Hunt Painter adds several new features to the scene which also become common in later works: three heads, a snake tail, Cerberus' chain and Heracles' club.He is being held on a chain leash by Heracles who holds his club raised over head.[126] Snakes are also often shown rising from various parts of his body including snout, head, neck, back, ankles, and paws.525–510 BC) by the Andokides painter (Louvre F204),[128] in addition to the usual two heads and snake tail, show Cerberus with a mane down his necks and back, another typical Cerberian feature of Attic vase painting.[129] Andokides' amphora also has a small snake curling up from each of Cerberus' two heads.Besides this lion-like mane and the occasional lion-head mentioned above, Cerberus was sometimes shown with other leonine features.In Roman art the capture of Cerberus is usually shown together with other labors.Lincoln notes a similarity between Cerberus and the Norse mythological dog Garmr, relating both names to a Proto-Indo-European root *ger- "to growl" (perhaps with the suffixes -*m/*b and -*r).[139] Another suggested etymology derives Cerberus from "Ker berethrou", meaning "evil of the pit".At least as early as the 6th century BC, some ancient writers attempted to explain away various fantastical features of Greek mythology;[141] included in these are various rationalized accounts of the Cerberus story.The serpent was called the "hound of Hades" only because anyone bitten by it died immediately, and it was this snake that Heracles brought to Eurystheus.The geographer Pausanias (who preserves for us Hecataeus' version of the story) points out that, since Homer does not describe Cerberus, Hecataeus' account does not necessarily conflict with Homer, since Homer's "Hound of Hades" may not in fact refer to an actual dog.Other rationalized accounts make Cerberus out to be a normal dog.Heracles killed Orthus, and drove away Geryon's cattle, with Cerberus following along behind.Eurystheus commanded Heracles to find Cerberus and bring him back.After searching the entire Peloponnesus, Heracles found where it was said Cerberus was being held, went down into the cave, and brought up Cerberus, after which it was said: "Heracles descended through the cave into Hades and brought up Cerberus.".A 2nd-century AD Greek known as Heraclitus the paradoxographer (not to be confused with the 5th-century BC Greek philosopher Heraclitus) – claimed that Cerberus had two pups that were never away from their father, which made Cerberus appear to be three-headed.Inferno by Virgil feeding Cerberus earth in the Third Circle of Hell.All three Vatican Mythographers repeat Servius' derivation of Cerberus' name from creoboros.[152] The Second Vatican Mythographer repeats (nearly word for word) what Fulgentius had to say about Cerberus,[153] while the Third Vatican Mythographer, in another very similar passage to Fugentius', says (more specifically than Fugentius), that for "the philosophers" Cerberus represented hatred, his three heads symbolizing the three kinds of human hatred: natural, causal, and casual (i.e.Thus Cerberus came to symbolize avarice,[157] and so, for example, in Dante's Inferno, Cerberus is placed in the Third Circle of Hell, guarding over the gluttons, where he "rends the spirits, flays and quarters them,"[158] and Dante (perhaps echoing Servius' association of Cerbeus with earth) has his guide Virgil take up handfuls of earth and throw them into Cerberus' "rapacious gullets. .

CERBERUS (Kerberos)

KERBEROS (Cerberus) was the gigantic, three-headed hound of Haides which guarded the gates of the underworld and prevented the escape of the shades of the dead.Herakles (Heracles) was sent to fetch Kerberos as one of his twelve labours, a task which he accomplished with the aid of the goddess Persephone.CE′RBERUS (Kerberos), the many-headed dog that guarded the entrance of Hades, is mentioned as early as the Homeric poems, but simply as "the dog," and without the name of Cerberus.311) fifty-headed and a son of Typhaon and Echidna.Later writers describe him as a monster with only three heads, with the tail of a serpent and a mane consisting of the heads of various snakes.The place where Cerberus kept watch was according to some at the mouth of the Acheron, and according to others at the gates of Hades, into which he admitted the shades, but never let them out again.366 ff (trans.Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.)."If in the wiliness of my heart I [Athene] had had thoughts like his, when Herakles (Heracles) was sent down to Haides of the Gates, to hale back from Erebos (the Dark) the hound of the grisly death god (Haides Stygeros), never would he have got clear of the steep-dripping water Styx.".In Homer the dog is just called "the hound of Haides.".Hesiod is the first author to give it the name Kerberos (Cerberus).].623 ff (trans.Shewring) (Greek epic C8th B.C.)."[The ghost of Herakles addresses Odysseus in Hades :] ‘He [Eurystheus] once sent me even here [to Haides] to fetch away the hound of Haides, for he thought no task could be more fearsome for me than that.But I brought the hound out of Haides' house and up to earth, because Hermes helped me on my way, and gleaming-eyed Athene.’".Hesiod, Theogony 310 ff (trans.Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.)."And before them [the halls of Haides and Persephone] a dreaded hound (deinos kunos) [Kerberos (Cerberus)], on watch, who has no pity, but a vile stratagem : as people go in he fawns on all, with actions of his tail and both ears, but he will not let them go back out, but lies in wait for them and eats them up, when he catches any going back through the gates.".Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.)."Once, they say, the gate-wrecking, unconquerable son [Herakles] of thunder-flashing Zeus went down to the house of slender-ankled Persephone to fetch up to the light from Hades the jagged-toothed dog [Kerberos (Cerberus)], son of unapproachable Ekhidna (Echidna).Aristophanes, Peace 315 ff (trans.O'Neill) (Greek comedy C5th to 4th B.C.).Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2, 125 (trans."Herakles asked Pouton (Pluton) [Haides] for Kerberos (Cerberus), and was told to take the hound if he could overpower it without using any of the weapons he had brought with him.He found Kerberos at the gates of Akheron (Acheron), and there, pressed inside his armour and totally covered by the lion's skin, he threw his arms round its head and hung on, despite bites from the serpent-tail, until he convinced the beast with his choke-hold."As a twelfth labour Herakles was to fetch Kerberos (Cerberus) from Haides' realm.Kerberos had three dog-heads, a serpent for a tail, and along his back the heads of all kinds of snakes.".121 (1)) (Greek epic C3rd B.C.).260 ff (trans.Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.)."[Depicted on the shield of Herakles' son Eurypylos (Eurypylus) :] And there, a dread sight even for gods to see, was Kerberos (Cerberus), whom Ekhidna (Echidna, the Loathly Worm) had borne to Typhon [Typhoeus] in a craggy cavern's gloom close on the borders of Eternal Night (Erebos), a hideous monster, warder of the Gate of Haides, home of Wailing, jailer-hound of dead folk in the shadowy Gulf of Doom.to C1st A.D.)."A headland that projects into the sea, Tainaron (Taenarum), with its temple of Poseidon situated in a grove; and secondly, near by, to the cavern through which, according to the myth writers, Kerberos (Cerberus) was brought up from Haides by Herakles.".Through this according to the legend of the Hermionians, Herakles brought up the Hound of Haides [Kerberos (Cerberus)].".Some of the Greek poets state that Herakles brought up the Hound of Haides (Haidou kuna) [Kerberos (Cerberus)] here, though there is no road that leads underground through the cave, and it is not easy to believe that the gods possess any underground dwelling where the souls collect.But Hekataios (Hecataeus) of Miletos gave a plausible explanation, stating that a terrible serpent lived on Tainaron, and was called the Hound of Hades, because any one bitten was bound to die of the poison at once, and it was this snake, he said, that was brought by Herakles to Eurystheus.But Homer, who was the first to call the creature brought by Herakles the Hound of Haides, did not give it a name or describe it as of manifold form, as he did the Khimaira (Chimera).Homer, however, does not imply that he was a dog, the friend of man, any more than if he called a real serpent the Hound of Hades.".It is here that they say .that Herakles dragged up the Hound of Haides [Kerberos (Cerberus)].".Next to these have been wrought two of the exploits of Herakles--his slaying of the Hydra, and his bringing up the Hound of Hell (kuna ton Haidou) [Kerberos (Cerberus)].".are some of the exploits of Herakles, including what he did to the Nemeian Lion , the Hydra, the Hound of Hell (kuna tou Haidou) [Kerberos (Cerberus)], and the boar by the river Erymanthos."."He [Herakles] received a command from Eurystheus to bring Kerberos (Cerberus) up from Hades to the light of day.And assuming that it would be to his advantage for the accomplishment of this Labour, he went to Athens and took part in the Eleusinian Mysteries, Musaios (Musaeus), the son of Orpheus, being at that time in charge of the initiatory rites .Herakles then, according to the myths which have come down to us, descended into the realm of Hades, and being welcomed like a brother by Persephone brought Theseus and Peirithous back to the upper world after freeing them from their bonds.This he accomplished by the favour of Persephone, and receiving the dog Kerberos in chains he carried him away to the amazement of all and exhibited him to men.".Cerberus."."He [Herakles (Heracles)] brought from the Lower World for the king to see, the dog Cerberus, offspring of Typhon.".the three-headed dog Cerberus.".450 ff (trans.to C1st A.D.).Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.500 ff :."[Orpheus addresses Haides, king of the underworld :] ‘I have come down not with intent to see the glooms of Tartara, nor to enchain the triple-snaked necks of Medusaeum [Kerberos (Cerberus)].’"."His wits were stolen away, like him [unknown man] who saw in dread [Kerberos (Cerberus)] the three-necked hound of Hell with chains fast round his middle neck, and never lost his terror till he lost his nature too and turned to stone.".37 ff (trans.to C1st A.D.).417 ff (trans.471 ff (trans."Hither [to Haides] all shall come, hither the highest and the lowest class: evil it is, but it is a path that all must tread; all must assuage the three heads of the barking guard-dog [Kerberos (Cerberus)] and embark on the grisly greybeard's [Kharon's (Charon's)] boat that no one misses.".Seneca, Hercules Furens 46 ff (trans."[Hera complains about Herakles :] ‘Nor is earth vast enough for him [Herakles (Heracles)]; behold, he has broken down the doors of infernal Jove [Haides], and brings back to the upper world the spoils of a conquered king [i.e.the hound Kerberos (Cerberus)].It is not enough merely to return; the law of the shades has been annulled, a way back has been opened from the lowest ghosts, and the mysteries of dread Death lie bared.But he, exultant at having burst the prison of the shades, triumphs over me, and with arrogant hand leads through the cities of Greece that dusky hound.I saw the daylight shrink at sight of Cerberus, and the sun pale with fear; upon me, too, terror came, and as I gazed upon the three necks of the conquered monster I trembled at my own command.’"."[Herakles upon returning with Kerberos (Cerberus) describes his journey to the underworld :] ‘Whoever [of the gods] from on high looks down on things of earth, and would not be defiled by a strange, new sight, let him turn away his gaze, lift his eyes to heaven, and shun the portent.Here the savage Stygian dog [Kerberos (Cerberus)] frightens the shades; tossing back and forth his triple heads, with huge bayings he guards the realm.Around his head, foul with corruption, serpents lap, his shaggy man bristles with vipers, and in his twisted tail a long snake hisses.At last the dog, vanquished ceases his threatenings and, spent with struggle, lowers all his heads and yields all wardship of his cavern.But when he came to the Taenarian borders, and the strange gleam of unknown light smote on his eyes, though conquered he regained his courage and in frenzy shook his ponderous chains.Then even to my aid Alcides [Herakles] looked, and with our twofold strength we drew the dog along, mad with rage and attempting fruitless war, and brought him out to earth.But when he saw the bright light of day and viewed the clear spaces of the shining sky, black night rose over him and he turned his gaze to ground, closed tight his eyes and shut out the hated light; backward he turned his face and with all his necks sought the earth; then in the shadow of Hercules he hid his head.’".since the dog [Kerberos (Cerberus)] was stolen away [by Herakles] has blocked the empty gate [of Haides] with her outstretched torch."."Fierce Cerberus, crouching in his lowest cave, his necks still bound with chains."."[The Theban seer Teiresias (Tiresias) performs the rites of necromancy :] Then he summons the spirits of the dead, and thee who rulest the spirits [Haides], and him [Kerberos (Cerberus)] who blocks the entrance to the Lethaean stream; o'er and o'er and o'er he repeats a magic rune, and fiercely, with frenzied lips, he chants a charm which either appeases or compels the flitting ghosts .blind Chaos is burst open, and for the tribes of Dis [Haides] a way is given to the upper world .when he dragged the dog [Kerberos (Cerberus)] by violence out of Tartarus, brought me [Theseus], too, along with him to the upper world.".conceives a hope of scaling heaven, yet though he repass the rivers and the gloom [Kerberos (Cerberus)] the hound of the Furiai (Furies) [Erinyes] and the sprawling Hydra's crest [the two guardians of Haides] repel him.".the bark of Kerberos, Cerberus] or from Hecate's escort to the world above."."Cerberus lying on the murky threshold perceived them, and reared up with all his mouths wide agape, fierce even to entering folk; but now his black neck swelled up all threatening, now had he torn and scattered their bones upon the ground, had not the god [Hermes] with branch Lethaean soothed his bristling frame and quelled with threefold slumber the steely glare.".183 ff (trans."Neither the ferryman [Kharon (Charon)] nor the comrade [the Hydra] of the cruel beast [Kerberos (Cerberus)] bars the way [to the Underworld] to innocent souls.".let the warder of the gate [Kerberos (Cerberus)] make no fierce barking.".15 ff (trans.But you are not permitted to touch that either, for all these and many other distractions are part of the ambush which Venus [Aphrodite] will set to induce you to release one of the cakes from your hands.Do not imaging that the loss of a mere barley cake is a trivial matter, for if you relinquish either of them, the daylight of this world above will be totally denied you. Posted there is [Kerberos (Cerberus)] a massive hound with a huge, triple-formed head.You must disarm him by offering him a cake as his spoils.When you have obtained what she gives you, you must make your way back, using the remaining cake to neutralize the dog's savagery.".Homer, The Iliad - Greek Epic C8th B.C.Homer, The Odyssey - Greek Epic C8th B.C.Hesiod, Theogony - Greek Epic C8th - 7th B.C.Greek Lyric IV Bacchylides, Fragments - Greek Lyric C5th B.C.Greek Papyri III Euphorion, Fragments - Greek Epic C3rd B.C.Pausanias, Description of Greece - Greek Travelogue C2nd A.D.


Cerberus Greek Mythology

Cerberus was featured in the tale of Orpheus, who traveled to the Underworld for his wife Eurydice, who was killed by snakes when Aristeus chased her into a snake den.Cerberus was also the twelfth labor of the hero Heracles, who had to atone for killing his children when he went through a fit of madness sent by the goddess Hera.The twelfth labor was to retrieve Cerberus from the Underworld.Heracles used his strength to tame Cerberus long enough to bring him to the king and return him to the Underworld. .

At the gates of hell

Cerberus, the private-equity beast in question, now finds itself at the centre of a fierce debate about whether corporate America is in for a hellish time, as the credit crisis spreads from financial services to the rest of the economy.But on November 20th it emerged that Cerberus's bankers had abandoned efforts to sell $4 billion of the debt it took on when it bought Chrysler.What happens to private equity may be a leading indicator of how the crisis in the financial system will affect the rest of the business world, both because private-equity deals are so dependent on large amounts of debt, and because many of the shrewdest judges of corporate value work for private-equity funds.They are determined to keep it that way, and are said to be racking up huge fees by challenging every assumption in banks' financial models to make sure they cannot be accused of optimism.The reduced supply of credit is contributing to recessionary fears that are greater in America than in the rest of the world, because the American consumer faces an unusual combination of difficulties, says Ian Shepherdson of High Frequency Economics, a research firm.There are other signs that stress is spreading, though it is not yet at recessionary levels—not least because corporate profits remain at record highs in America, and many firms have taken advantage of the years of plenty to get their balance sheets in shape.Some 42% of high-yield corporate bonds issued since 2003 were rated B- or lower, rising to nearly 50% in the first six months of this year.Martin Fridson of FridsonVision, a research firm, has calculated that a severe recession (which, he stresses, he is not predicting) could result in a peak rate of between 16% and 20% of annual defaults on corporate bonds, far higher than in 1991. .

Orpheus and Eurydice

The gods agreed to Eurydice’s return: Proserpine no doubt sympathetic as she recalled her own forceful abduction by Pluto.The myth of Orpheus and Eurydice has inspired numerous works of art: in literature, a cast as diverse as Boethius, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Pynchon and Carol Anne Duffy have created variants on its themes, while the filmmakers Jean Cocteau, in his trilogy – The Blood of a Poet (1930), Orphée (1950) and Testament of Orpheus (1959) – and Marcel Camus, with Black Orpheus (1959), have captured its resonant tragedy.Fittingly, it is in music that the myth’s greatest legacy lies. .

dog from the underworld in folklore

In later myths, Hecate appears as a daughter of Zeus and Hera.His 12th and final labor was to descend into the underworld, and bring back Cerberus, the three-headed dog who guarded the gate to underworld, home of the powerful god, Hades.A dog is sometimes said to guard its entrance, much like Cerberus in Greek mythology.Ares.It was the job of Cerberus to guard the entrance to Hades.Dog From The Underworld From Worldwide Mythology Exact Answer for CodyCross under the sea Group 23 Puzzle 2.underworld : in the mythology of ... This idea of dogs as watchful and vigilant goes back to classical myth: the most famous example is Cerberus, the three-headed dog that guarded the entrance to the Underworld in Greek mythology.As legends would have it, Xolotl the God of death, gave life to the bone of death, conceiving a dog.It was the job of Cerberus to guard the entrance to Hades.Found inside – Page 46The fox is the dog of Erlig Khan , the lord of the Underworld .The dog appears frequently as the messenger of shamans , sent for the souls of the deceased ... Hades wasn't very happy about getting the Underworld at first, but when Zeus explained to him that all the people of the world would eventually be his subjects, Hades decided it was okay.Hecate, is the name of a Greek Goddess, it is not a common dog name, but we love it!Diana (In Roman mythology, Diana was the goddess of hunting); Garm (A four-eyed dog that guarded Helheim in Norse mythology); Vulcan (The god of fire in Roman mythology); Sirius (In Greek mythology, and star in Canis Major); Siren (In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors); Pluto (The ruler of the underworld in classical mythology) In Jersey folklore, the Black Dog of Death is also called the Tchico, but a related belief in the Tchian d'Bouôlé (Black Dog of Bouley) tells of a phantom dog whose appearance presages storms.In Greek and Roman mythology it was Cerberus, the three-headed hellhound, who keeps the dead in the underworld.Found inside – Page 26In northern European folklore , supernatural dogs from the ghostly realms were ... ( Dogs of Annwn ) are just two of the hunting packs from the Underworld ...

Throughout European mythology, dogs have been associated with death.It is possible that the black dog is a survival of these beliefs.Cerberus (Greek mythology) is best known as the guardian to the gates of Hades (the Underworld).Cerberus.Cerberus is the multi-headed dog that guards the entrance to the underworld in Greek and Roman mythology.Cerebus was a frightening dog, and Hades - the king of the Underworld - was his master.In ancient times the Xolos were often sacrificed and then buried with their owners to act as guide to the soul on its journey to the underworld.Cerberus In order to guard his realm, Hades had a giant three-headed dog named Cerberus.Cerberus was the three-headed dog that belonged to Hades.Often described as a giant three-headed dog, Cerberus guards the gates of the Greek underworld, making sure that no-one escapes from the realm of Hades, the god of the dead, and the king of the underworld.Cerberus was the three-faced guard dog of the Underworld.No […] Found inside – Page 151This concept is also present in the folklore of the Yupa Indians who inhabit ... The dog, often seen as a guardian of Underworld treasures, in reality is ... [5] This is itzcuintli in Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, tz'i' in the K'iche' Maya language and oc in Yucatec Maya.[12], Among the Aztecs, the god Xolotl was a monstrous dog.Dog From The Underworld From Worldwide Mythology - CodyCross.Dogs were associated with the deity Xolotl, the god of death.Their origin is lost in the mist of time but throughout the folklore and mythology of Europe dogs have been associated with death and the underworld often depicted as guardians of the gates.For them, Xolos were created by Xolotl, the god of lightning and death, from a piece of the Bone of Life.Cerberus: The three Headed Dog of Greek Mythology There are many unique creatures mentioned in Greek mythology.It is possible that the black dog is a survival of these beliefs.Badass Dog Names from Mythology for Big Dogs Cerberus - Greek mythological "Hound of Hades.".Cerberus is a three headed dog with a serpent tail that guards the entrance to Hades.The most famous guardian dog of Greek mythology was also a creature of the Underworld.You can either go back the Main Puzzle : CodyCross Group 23 Puzzle 2 or discover the answers of all the puzzle group here : Codycross Group 23. if you have any feedback or comments on this, please post it below.Kerberos is sometimes called Cerberus in ancient Greek mythology.Dog from the underworld in folklore.The Underworld is where dead people go in Greek Mythology.Dogs have been linked to the supernatural as well as mythology many times throughout history.Black Dog of Death.According to Aztec belief, the Dog of Xolotl was created by the god to guard the living and guide the souls of the dead through the dangers of Mictlán, the Underworld.Found inside – Page 146Dogs are often the companions of heroes or immortals in Eastern mythology, and in myths from around the globe, they are guardians of the Underworld.Found inside4 Death and plenty Agriculture and the underworld in mythology The way that communities deal with death often reveals something about the values that they ... Poseidon, was the God of the sea in mythology, this is a great, powerful name for a male dog.Is one of such gods is an ancient dog breed linked to the scavenging habits of dogs of... Outfitted with lion claws and a people, the Creator-God, was and.Ancient Germans successfully fought the last Romans with the latest changes or new....

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Kerberos FAQ for Linux Workstation Users — RCG Handbook

NFSv4 refers to version 4 of this Network File System, which allows for Kerberization.Q #3: What is Kerberization?¶ Kerberization is the process by which Kerberos is enabled on your Linux NFSv4 home directory (and other things), such that nobody can view its contents without a Kerberos Ticket.Q #4: What is a Kerberos Ticket?¶ A Kerberos Ticket is a chunk of encrypted data that gives you access to things on the Campus wired network such as your NFSv4 home directory.Q #5: How do I get a Kerberos Ticket?¶ Upon successfully logging in to a Linux Workstation on the Campus wired network, you will (if the system is working correctly) automatically be issued a Kerberos Ticket known as a “Ticket Granting Ticket”.If you wait until after the 10 hours is up, then it is too late, and you must get a new one.You will regain access to your home directory when you get a new Kerberos Ticket.Q #8: How do I renew my Kerberos Ticket before it expires?¶ See Q #13 or Q #23.Q #9: How do I get a new Kerberos Ticket after my old one expires?¶ See Q #14 or Q #23.Q #11: Why do we have to suffer the inconvenience of Kerberos on Linux Workstations?¶ Non-Kerberized NFS is inherently insecure, in that anybody with sudo access to a Linux computer can su to another user and read/modify the contents of their home directory.Linux Command-line Kerberos Questions¶.Q #12: How do I view my Kerberos Tickets?¶ Just type: klist You’ll see something akin to the following: Ticket cache : FILE : / tmp / krb5cc_12345_A6b7C8 Default principal : username @AD .CA renew until 12 / 02 / 20 15 : 27 : 42 In either case, krbtgt is the Kerberos Ticket Granting Ticket.You’ll also see that it can be renewed for up to a week before you need to get a new Kerberos ticket.CA renew until 02 / 12 / 20 16 : 00 : 51 This is the nfs Kerberos Ticket that allows you to read and write to your home directory located on the nfs-home.its.sfu.ca server.And if you used Kerberos authentication to ssh into a Linux host such as rcg-linux-ts1.rcg.sfu.ca, then you might also see a Kerberos Ticket like this: 02 / 05 / 20 16 : 02 : 26 02 / 06 / 20 02 : 00 : 55 host / rcg - linux - ts1 .Q #13: How do I renew my Kerberos Tickets before they expire?¶ Just type: kinit -R This will renew your Kerberos Ticket Granting Ticket.New ones will be auto-generated when you access things such as your Linux NFSv4 home directory.Upon login you might see the following: Could not chdir to home directory / home / user : Key has expired or: Could not chdir to home directory / home / user : Permission denied The first is an indication that you had a Kerberos Ticket but that it has expired.The second is an indication that you don’t have a Kerberos Ticket at all.Why would I want to?¶ To destroy your Kerberos Tickets, just type: kdestroy It is recommended that you do this before logging out of a Linux workstation.If you fail to do this, any valid Kerberos Tickets will remain in the Kerberos Ticket cache.On computers that are using file-based Kerberos Ticket caches, these will be files in /tmp.Q #19: Why can I still read my home directory after destroying my Kerberos Tickets?¶ kdestroy will instantly remove your Kerberos Tickets from a cache file in /tmp/.Q #20: How do I use Kerberos authentication to ssh into a Linux host?¶ Assuming you are logged-into a Linux host on the Campus wired network and that you have a valid Kerberos Ticket, you can ssh into any other such Linux host simply via: ssh -K hostname.domainname Using this method, you can log in without having to use a password.I run long-term processes on my Linux Workstation and Kerberos is locking my home directory!¶ If you run long-term processes on your Linux Workstation and you don’t want to have to keep manually renewing your Kerberos tickets every 10 hours, you can set up a cron job to do it for you.For example, you could set up the following crontab entry on your Linux computer: MAILTO = username @sfu .Note, however, that this will work for at most 1 week, until the renewal period expires, and then one must manually kinit and type one’s password.You can call the directory whatever you want; just make sure it’s private – that’s what the chmod 0700 is for.You can then set up a crontab entry similar to the one above, but instead of using kinit -R , you use the following: MAILTO = username @sfu .This will get you a new Kerberos Ticket every 2 hours, without having to type a password, by using the credentials stored in your private keytab file.In this case your home directory becomes unavailable, and the cron job can no longer read the contents of /home/username/privatestuff .Q #23: How to I renew my Kerberos ticket in the Linux GUI?¶ If you’ve been away from your Linux workstation for a while, the screen saver kicks in and the screen is locked until you type your password.If you’ve configured your workstation not to lock the screen (or if you’re using the Linux GUI via VNC which doesn’t usually lock the virtual screen), then your Kerberos Ticket will expire after 10 hours and you’ll notice that various things in the GUI will no longer work.If Kerberos has so badly messed-up your Linux workstation that the GUI is completely frozen and you can’t do anything, then your best option is to ssh-in remotely from another computer and kinit on the command-line. .



What To Use For Dog Pen Floor

What To Use For Dog Pen Floor.

You won't have an installation or purchasing costs associated with using what's available.It can become very hot though if you live in a warmer climate.Wood Flooring for Your Dog Some owners lay wooden platforms down on the ground in their runs.The platforms are usually placed over gravel, rocks or concrete so water can drain when you're cleaning it.Pricing varies depending on your design but a 5x8 foot composite board is about $12 to $15 each.River Rock River rock can also be a better option for dogs as they are flat and smooth and there's less chance your dog can break a nail or hurt their paws.They are also harder for your dog to dig up because of their size.Concrete Dog Run Floor The benefit of using concrete is that you can slope it so that water runs down to a drain area which is very useful during cleaning.If you choose concrete, an option would be to provide an area for your dogs to relax that is not concrete, such as a wooden or composite deck platform, rubber matting or a raised dog bed and even a small wading pool in the summer so they can cool off their feet.Concrete runs about $2 per square foot although your costs will vary depending on whether you do it yourself or hire a contractor.You can also get kennel mat kits sold in specific sizes that are about $2.50 per square foot.You can also purchase vinyl mats which run about $3 per square foot.

Dog Gate With Walk Through Door

Dog Gate With Walk Through Door.

Whether it's to section off your pet from the new baby, your kitty's cat food, guests, your bed or for training purposes, the best dog gates help block off areas that are off-limits.The best dog gates create a safe space and set limits for your dog.So whether you are in the market for a new dog door, some new dog food, dog toys or even dog treats Chewy's online pet store is where you can find great deals on all of your dog supplies!Dog gates are used for creating no-go areas of your home, but they can also be used to designate play areas, to create a safe space for your pup when you have company and more.Some even fold up to become an enclosed playpen area for your canine.Many people use gates to block off stairs or other dangerous areas, too, and gates can be especially helpful for creating boundaries when you have a puppy.A dog gate should be tall enough that your dog can’t walk or jump over it.

Dog Gate For Christmas Tree

Dog Gate For Christmas Tree.

We may earn money or products from the companies mentioned in this post.Spending hours setting up and decorating your Christmas tree is always a festive pleasure.But then you go out for a few hours and come home to find that your dog has completely destroyed the tree.To that end, we have put together a list of the four best dog fences for protecting your Christmas tree.Those little white picket fence barriers that you see around shopping mall Christmas trees are purely decorative and aren’t going to have what it takes to keep a determined dog out.For this, you need a proper dog barrier, like the four options we have chosen below.If you are able to close off the whole room where you have put your Christmas tree, presents, and other decorations, this attractive fence from Primetime Petz is a great choice.This sturdy fence, made from furniture-grade wood, won’t be easily toppled or damaged by your pup.Available in walnut or white depending on your aesthetic preference, you can also purchase more than one if you prefer to create a small enclosure around your Christmas tree as will clip together with other gates.If you are looking for an effective way to keep your dog out of the room that has been turned over to Christmas, this attractive gate does an excellent job.This is one of the sturdier home barriers for pets, made from top-quality wood and extra tall at 31.5 inches.Can be used as a room barrier or to create an enclosed space.Will probably need more than one fence to create an enclosed space large enough for a Christmas tree.This gate is both functional and flexible, so you have a number of options at your disposal when it comes to preventing pup-related Christmas tree disasters.You can cover up to 18.5 square feet with a single affordable fence, which should be enough for even the largest Christmas trees.The fence is available in grey, cream, or multi-color to match your Christmas style.Your dog will then need to wear a compatible PetSafe radio collar that beeps when they get too close to the designated space, warning them that they should keep their distance.However, your dog will need to be trained regarding what is required of them when they hear the beeps, so there is a little bit of time investment to get this invisible barrier working.The oil of fir trees can also be mildly toxic to dogs if they have enough contact with it.This means they will be less likely to attack the tree once it is fully decorated.It is also a good idea to avoid edible decorations such as gingerbread men that will attract your dog’s attention.Don’t keep presents under the tree especially if there is food inside.You can also do other things to discourage their interest in the tree.Dogs are generally turned off by strong scents, so spraying the tree with a concentrated scent such as peppermint, hot chili, or citrus fruits might put them off getting too close.The oils that fir trees give off can be mildly toxic to dogs if they have sufficient contact with them.It is best to avoid trees that have pine needles, as these sharp pieces of foliage can easily hurt dogs if they get in their eyes or paws, or if they are accidentally swallowed.Fir trees can be mildly toxic to dogs if they ingest enough of its natural oils.For this reason, if you have a dog, it is best to keep all edibles off the tree.Which Is Better When You Have Pets, A Real Or Fake Christmas Tree?We have also put together a list of tips for other things you can do to discourage your dog’s interest in your tree, and make it a bit safer for everyone if they do decide to make the tree their newest play toy.