Is My Dog Still Contagious With Kennel Cough
Edward R. Forte
October 12, 2021
Crates & Kennels
Rachel Morgan has composed 9 of the most commonly asked questions about kennel cough.If your dog begins coughing, it is important to have a physical exam performed by your regular veterinarian to rule out any other underlying causes that may be responsible for the animal’s symptoms.While Bordetella vaccinations offer protection against infections caused by the bacteria, they cannot prevent 100% of infections, and they cannot offer immunity against other bacterial or viral causes of infectious tracheobronchitis.However, in cases where the dog is lethargic, has a fever or lack of appetite, your veterinarian may recommend additional diagnostics such as blood work, chest radiographs and sample submission.My dog has not spent time in a boarding kennel—how could he have kennel cough?Although there is the chance that a mild respiratory infection may become more serious, the majority of infections are typically self limiting and characterized by a mild cough that lasts 1-2 weeks.My dog’s cough worsened even after being placed on oral antibiotics—why would this happen?However, the action of coughing can also lead to additional local irritation and inflammation.If you feel you’re your dog’s episodes of coughing are frequent and severe enough that they interfere with eating, drinking and sleeping, speak to your regular veterinarian about whether or not a cough suppressant should be prescribed.There are currently injectable, intranasal and oral forms of the vaccine against Bordetella bronchiseptica available.It is recommended that adult dogs with potential for exposure to at risk environments be vaccinated every 6-12 months. .
Kennel Cough: Symptoms, Treatments, Contagious, Causes, and
Although these vaccines may help, they do not guarantee protection against kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis because it can be caused by so many different kinds of bacteria and viruses.Also, it is important to realize that neither form of the kennel cough vaccination will treat active infections. .
Is Kennel Cough Contagious to Humans: Symptoms and Treatment
Kennel cough, also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, is a group of contagious respiratory diseases that often affect dogs.The most common bacteria behind kennel cough is called Bordetella bronchiseptica.In fact, a lot of people refer to kennel cough as bordetella.It’s rare, but humans can also contract kennel cough from their pets.People with compromised immune systems, such as those who have lung cancer or HIV , are more likely to get it.Kennel cough is highly contagious, but it’s usually treatable in healthy dogs.When a dog barks, the bacteria can become airborne and transfer to others.When a dog barks, the bacteria can become airborne and transfer to others.That’s because the animals are in close contact with each other, and germs can spread easily.low fever It’s important to know that some dogs can be carriers of the disease but not show any symptoms.nebulizers or vaporizers Vaccines are also available to protect dogs against some of the main pathogens responsible for kennel cough, including distemper, parainfluenza, and Bordetella bronchiseptica.It’s important to remember that most healthy humans aren’t at risk for kennel cough.In one study , 7 out of 8 patients with confirmed kennel cough had a significant preexisting medical condition, such as lung disease or autoimmune neutropenia.Humans who do acquire kennel cough may develop pneumonia or an upper respiratory tract infection . .
Kennel Cough or Tracheobronchitis in Dogs
Kennel cough is a broad term covering any infectious or contagious condition of dogs where coughing is one of the major clinical signs.What are the clinical signs of kennel cough other than coughing?It is often a mild disease, but the cough may be chronic, lasting for several weeks in some cases.Most dogs with infectious tracheobronchitis will cough when the throat is rubbed or palpated, or during and after exercise.Often, the hacking cough caused by kennel cough will persist for several weeks after the infection.If your dog has kennel cough it is unlikely that they will lose their appetite or become lethargic.Bordetella vaccination is also highly recommended for dogs that are boarded, groomed, or interact with other dogs in areas such as dog parks.How are the Bordetella vaccines administered? .
Kennel Cough in Dogs
Kennel Cough in Dogs.What is kennel cough in dogs.Kennel cough, also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract.Veterinarians diagnose kennel cough in dogs based on clinical signs, like coughing, and a history of recent exposure to other dogs.Complicated cases of kennel cough, however, can require more advanced care.Is there a cure for kennel cough in dogs?There is no single cure for kennel cough, as it is typically caused by a combination of viral and bacterial agents, but some medications may be prescribed, depending on the case, to keep your dog comfortable and reduce inflammation in the airways.Is kennel cough contagious for humans or other pets?Kennel cough and its triggers are not usually contagious for humans, but there is one exception: bordetella bronchiseptica can be transmitted from dogs to immunocompromised people.Talk to your veterinarian and your physician if you or a family member have a compromised immune system; dogs suspected to have a case of kennel cough should be isolated from compromised people until the infection has cleared.What is the cost for treating kennel cough in dogs?The cost for treating uncomplicated cases of kennel cough tends to be low, as hospitalization and antibiotics are typically not required.However, there are steps you can take to reduce your dog’s risk of contracting the disease:.Is there a kennel cough vaccine?Vaccines are also available for other viruses that cause kennel cough, including parainfluenza virus and adenovirus 2.Talk to your veterinarian about whether the kennel cough vaccine is appropriate for your dog, and if so, which vaccine is most effective in your geographical area.Like all vaccines, kennel cough vaccines are not 100% effective, so it’s good to take other precautions as well, like relying on responsible groomers and kennels that require all dogs to be vaccinated. .
Kennel Cough in Dogs
Kennel cough is the older name given to upper respiratory tract infections in dogs.With distemper, it can take up to four weeks before signs are noted.It is possible to figure out what the underlying cause is, but it’s often not necessary (or worth the expense) for an individual animal unless he does not respond to initial therapy, if there are signs of more aggressive disease, if multiple dogs are coming down with the same signs at the same time, or if there is an outbreak in a shelter or kennel.In the case of a shelter or kennel outbreak, it is important to know the underlying cause because it will dictate what cleaning agents are necessary, how long quarantine should be, and if vaccine recommendations should be changed for that organization.However, this typically requires sedation and only covers bacteria; it will not diagnose viruses.Ideally, the antibiotic chosen is based on culture results, but often an antibiotic such as doxycycline is chosen, as it takes care of the more common bacterial causes of CIRD.Coughing is a way to expel mucous and infectious agents, so decreasing the cough can be counter-productive.There is no easy home remedy to cure kennel cough other than time.It can be helpful to nebulize the dog with some sterile saline.Most dogs do not even require treatment and recover on their own within 10 days.Brachycephalic breeds (short-nosed dogs such as pugs, bulldogs and Boston terriers) with CIRD need to be treated more aggressively because their compromised airway makes them more prone to getting secondary bacterial infections, and they have a harder time clearing the infection.As stated earlier, dogs with weak immune systems also have a more guarded prognosis.Vaccination does not completely prevent infection in most cases, but it can dramatically reduce the duration and severity of disease.Currently, the canine influenza vaccine is typically done only in areas where there have been significant outbreaks or for dogs who travel a lot and might go to an outbreak area.Because of this, along with the negative characteristics of canine distemper (taking longer to show signs, being shed for a longer period, the possibility of long-term problems and even death), many veterinarians recommend that dogs be vaccinated for distemper at an early age and be given boosters throughout their lives.It is also important to remember that puppies aren’t considered fully vaccinated until they are at least 4-5 months old.After about three months of age, maternal antibodies are low enough not to interfere, so a puppy needs at least two vaccines after maternal antibodies have disappeared to be protected.For animals who are prone to more serious illness from CIRD, finding a pet sitter or at-home groomer is the best situation.There are some very important differences, however, between distemper and the other respiratory pathogens.In addition, distemper infects more than just the respiratory system, so a variety of other signs can occur (neurological, as discussed above, but also urinary symptoms and gastrointestinal signs like vomiting and diarrhea).In young puppies, distemper is frequently associated with a high fatality rate.Most adult dogs, particularly those with partial immunity from a recent vaccination, will survive.Distemper can also be shed for long periods of time, which means a dog who is no longer showing any symptoms may still be contagious to other unprotected dogs.If gastrointestinal signs are present, medications to help with nausea and diarrhea can be administered. .
Ask the Expert: Dr Pizzillo on Kennel Cough
Jessica Pizzillo, DVM of Vinegar Hill Vet Group to shed some light on this subject.There are actually numerous different organisms that can cause an infectious tracheobronchitis.Factors that increase the likelihood of transmission are crowded environments, warm moist air, and poor circulation.Not necessarily, but environmental irritants (like pollen) may increase the likelihood of certain individuals developing “kennel cough”.However, your dog could develop an infectious tracheobronchitis from one of the other organisms.While most cases are self limiting, I usually prescribe an antibiotic to address Bordetella and Mycoplasma organisms in addition to preventing secondary infection and pneumonia caused by opportunistic organisms.Depending on the case I may also prescribe cough suppressants and/or provide supportive care (fluids and Vitamin B injections).This can easily be done running a hot shower and keeping your dog in the steamy bathroom for about 10 minutes.Afterwards give your dog firm pats on both sides of the chest.We routinely disinfect and make every effort to minimize any bacteria or viruses spreading throughout the day.Unfortunately we cannot control what dogs bring in from the outside world and it is very difficult to pick up any signs as dogs are more contagious right before showing symptoms.If you suspect your dog may be sick please err on the side of caution and do not bring your dog in to Wag Club for the safety of all our guests. .
Take Precautions to Prevent Kennel Cough
Find out below what you can do to prevent an outbreak in your kennel or home.If you have a dog that becomes ill, it is best to isolate that infected dog until at least two weeks after the last cough.It is important to remember that the disease can be spread by contact with objects that the infected dog has been around, such as food/water dishes, crates, bedding, and clothing.To help prevent your dog from becoming infected with kennel cough, there are several precautions that can be taken.The vaccine will not prevent the disease, but will lessen the symptoms and duration of the disease. .
Kennel Cough in Dogs – Transmission, Symptoms, Prevention
An outbreak of kennel cough can lead to animal care facility closures which is why pet boarding and dog daycare facilities, veterinary clinics, groomers, animal shelters, or locations where other dogs are present need protocols in place to help prevent its spread.Not everyone that comes in contact with another person with a cold will get a cold but, if stressed or immune deficient, the person is much more likely to develop clinical symptoms.The environment and a pet’s immune system can impact spread of the illness but understanding how it is spread and what can be done to minimize disease transfer is also critical.Kennel cough, as with many other infectious conditions, can be transmitted through multiple routes.When an infected dog coughs, sneezes, barks, or even sheds dander he releases thousands of microscopic contaminates into the air.These virtually invisible pathogens cling to tiny dust particles, riding on air currents, and traveling throughout the environment until inhaled by another host.The cough is generally dry (although sometimes mucous can be expelled) and may also include sneezing.Others may constantly be coughing as they are walking, lying down, or going about their daily activities.If the dog is lethargic, he will have decreased energy, poor appetite, lack of interest in activities he is usually excited about, minimal motivation, etc. Nasal Discharge Nasal discharge and watery, runny eyes can be symptoms of kennel cough.For pet care facilities (boarding, day play, etc.), the concern goes well beyond simply cost.Pet care facilities that experience an outbreak of kennel cough may need to temporarily shut down.Prevention of kennel cough, along with other infectious diseases, depends on everyone doing their part.Strong partnerships with local veterinarians, regular monitoring of animal-related media, and partnerships with other pet businesses will help alert you to any issues that may be on the rise in your area.Have vaccination protocols that meet the needs of your business and surrounding geographic area.Ensure pets are vaccinated before intake and educate owners on why this is important.It is critical that animal care businesses train all staff members on disease recognition and protocols for handling ill pets.Often, kennel attendants and daycare staff will be the first to recognize an issue in a pet.Education on proper sanitation and disease prevention is also critical as staff can easily transmit illness from one pet to the next.Animal care facilities should have written protocols on how to handle a pet that is showing signs of illness.Surface disinfection also applies to human hands and clothing that can likewise serve as a source of transmission.Infectious pathogens can survive on dust particles and dander for extended periods of time.Our proprietary, commercial grade UV air cleaning units have been independently tested and proven effective against pet pathogens.First and foremost, it is critical that sick pets in the facility be examined by a veterinarian.Getting recommendations from people you trust and reading online reviews is just a first step.Ensuring your pet is vaccinated a minimum of one week prior to exposure, or as recommended by your veterinarian, will help ensure the vaccine has the best chance of being effective.It is very challenging to isolate sick pets once they begin feeling better but until they have been completely cleared it is important to not have them around other pets. .
5 Facts About the Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs
By the time your veterinarian finishes going over the list of vaccines your dog needs, your dog’s overall physical condition — perhaps reminding you to cut back on the scraps, and has answered your questions about your dog’s newest behavioral quirk, it is easy to forget what she said about the Bordetella vaccine.Here is what you need to know about Bordetella and kennel cough to make sure your dog is up-to-date with his shots when he needs it most.Instead, most veterinarians and canine professionals call the disease kennel cough, which can lead to some confusion about what the Bordetella vaccine is for.It is usually spread in areas where large numbers of dogs are confined, like kennels, which is how the disease got its name.Kennel cough itself is not fatal, but the disease can lead to fatal bronchopneumonia in puppies and chronic bronchitis in senior or immunocompromised dogs, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual, which is why it is important to assess whether or not your dog is at risk of catching the disease when deciding to vaccinate.These symptoms are also similar to those dogs infected with canine distemper and the canine influenza virus, which are much more serious than kennel cough, so make sure you call your veterinarian and explain your dog’s symptoms.The best way to determine when or if your dog needs the Bordetella vaccine is to consult your veterinarian.However, your veterinarian may advise against getting the Bordetella vaccine if your dog is immunocompromised, sick, or pregnant, and she will discuss the risks and benefits of the vaccine for dogs with a previous history of vaccine reactions. .