Can Dogs Get Kennel Cough Outside

Can Dogs Get Kennel Cough Outside
Edward R. Forte November 24, 2021

Crates & Kennels

Can Dogs Get Kennel Cough Outside

Kennel cough is one of the most common and contagious diseases of dogs.It can occur in both adult dogs and puppies.Even though kennel cough is often deemed a “self-limiting” disease, — i.e., one that will go away by itself — almost all veterinarians I know prescribe antibiotics.I tell my clients that while ITB is by far the disease your dog is most likely to be exposed to, it is also the least harmful of any disease we vaccinate against.We hear this sentence so often: “I don’t board my dog, so he doesn’t need it.” However, in my opinion, any dog whose nose comes anywhere near any other dog’s nose should get the vaccine.The bottom line with kennel cough is you should have your dog vaccinated once a year, whether they spend time in a boarding kennel, dog day-care, dog park or at doggie play dates — or not. .

The Many Causes of Kennel Cough

Their lungs will usually sound normal, but some may experience lethargy and have a slight fever like my young pup.But here I had a pup who was still in the critical period of socialization.Besides, I had already paid for a puppy class that was due to begin in three weeks.Both the viral and bacterial causes present with similar clinical signs so they are commonly grouped as “kennel cough.”.This, in turn, predisposes the dog to invasion by bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or other virulent organisms.There are at least 15 different species of the bacteria known to infect canines.That said, the Bordetella vaccine is often required by facilities prior to boarding and daycare.All items that have come into contact with an infected dog should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure.When I brought my “calm” but not yet outwardly symptomatic pup home, he was already infected.My sister (who works at the shelter I adopted him from) had taken him to her own home before mine, and he was mostly likely shedding the disease while around her two dogs.They were adults (two and four years of age), and had come from the same shelter as my pup; it’s possible that they are immune to the causative agent of Tico’s infection, having been infected with it as puppies from that shelter years prior!Other high-risk dogs are those who are immunosuppressed, dogs without a history of vaccination or disease exposure, pups who lack maternal immunity (did not receive colostrum in the days after birth, or whose mothers had neither a history of vaccination or disease exposure), and dogs who have coexisting subclinical airway disease (such as a congenital anomaly, chronic bronchitis, or bronchiectasis – a chronic condition where the walls of the bronchi are thickened from inflammation and infection).Adult dogs can, and probably most often do, recover from kennel cough with no treatment at all.Strong, healthy puppies raised in homes, too, often recover uneventfully and without treatment.In severe cases, thoracic radiographs may show lung patterns typical of bacterial or viral pneumonia; a complete blood panel may indicate early mild leukopenia (5,000-6,000 cells d/L) suggesting a viral cause, and neutrophilic leukocytosis (a high number of immature white blood cells, indicating an infection or inflammation) is frequently found in cases of severe pneumonia.Medications of choice for severe disease are first generation cephalosporin with gentamicin, amikacin, or enrofloxacin.These are usually effective with antimicrobial therapy continuing 10 days beyond radiographic resolution of the disease.Though rare, dogs can die from CIRD, but those cases are usually a result of severe pneumonia affecting multiple lung nodes.If someone in your family is immunocompromised, please check with that person’s physician before bringing home a sick puppy (or one who was recently exposed to the illness an at animal shelter).Epidemiological studies have shown that cats who have contact with dogs with recent respiratory disease were found to be at risk for B. bronchiseptica infection, and if infected, can develop upper respiratory tract infections.She lives in the San Francisco Bay area with her new puppy, Tico. .

Kennel Cough: Signs and Symptoms

Although kennel cough is more common during summer, it can occur anytime.Kennel cough causes a persistent, nonproductive cough that may sound as if something is caught in your pet’s throat and they are gagging or trying to clear their throat.Because there's no specific test for kennel cough, it's a diagnosis of exclusion.Your veterinarian will examine your dog to exclude other causes of a nonproductive cough, such as heart disease, fungal and parasitic infections like heartworm disease, a collapsing trachea, and cancer.Based on the examination and history, your veterinarian will determine whether they suspect kennel cough.In very mild cases, no medications are given since the disease is self-limiting and will run its course, much like a human cold.More serious cases are treated with oral antibiotics and often cough suppressants.There are three types of vaccines available against kennel cough: an injectable, intranasal, and newer oral form. .

Is Kennel Cough Contagious to Humans: Symptoms and Treatment

Read on to learn how kennel cough is transmitted to humans, who’s at risk, and how the disease is treated.Kennel cough is a respiratory infection that’s caused by both bacteria and a virus.It’s rare, but humans can also contract kennel cough from their pets.When a dog barks, the bacteria can become airborne and transfer to others.When a dog barks, the bacteria can become airborne and transfer to others.If dogs touch noses or share toys, the infection can spread.If dogs touch noses or share toys, the infection can spread.That’s because the animals are in close contact with each other, and germs can spread easily.What are the symptoms of kennel cough in dogs and humans?low fever It’s important to know that some dogs can be carriers of the disease but not show any symptoms.other respiratory symptoms.How is kennel cough treated in dogs and humans?Kennel cough treatments in dogs Mild cases of kennel cough may go away on their own with a week or two of rest.Humans who do acquire kennel cough may develop pneumonia or an upper respiratory tract infection . .

Disease risks for dogs in social settings

The following is a list of the most common diseases to which your dog(s) may be exposed at a dog gathering.There may be specific risks in your area that are not listed.For more information about specific diseases in your area, consult your veterinarian.People can also spread some diseases (such as mange, ringworm, kennel cough and canine influenza) from dog to dog through shared brushes, collars, bedding, etc. or by petting or handling an infected dog before petting or handling another dog.Dogs with canine influenza develop coughing, a fever and a snotty nose, which are the same signs observed when a dog has kennel cough.There is a vaccine for canine influenza, but at this time it is not recommended for every dog.Consult your veterinarian to determine if the canine influenza vaccine is recommended for your dog.External parasites , such as ticks, fleas and mange, are fairly common dog problems.Fleas can transmit some types of tapeworms as well as some diseases, and they may end up infesting your home and yard if they hitchhike home on your dog(s).Some fertilizers and pesticides can be toxic to dogs.Dogs can also be infected through the skin, especially through a skin wound.Add to that the fact that dogs at dog gatherings are often active and playing, and the heat could become deadly for your dog.Dogs can become infected with coccidia by eating infected soil or licking contaminated paws or fur.Kennel cough can be caused by a combination of viruses and bacteria.It is very contagious and your dog can become infected if it comes into contact with an infected dog.Dogs with kennel cough may not seem ill in the early stages of the disease but they can still infect other dogs.The bacteria are shed in the urine of infected animals, and animals and people usually become infected by drinking contaminated water or coming into contact with contaminated soil or food.There is a vaccine for leptospirosis; consult your veterinarian about whether or not the vaccine is appropriate for your dog.Rabies is caused by the rabies virus and is 100% fatal in animals once they start to show signs of disease.Fortunately, rabies infection is preventable with vaccination.Wildlife mixing with dogs can increase the risk of diseases, such as rabies and plague , as well as the risk of injury.It can be spread by contact with an infected dog, its bedding or something that has come in contact with the infected dog.Many dogs will recover without treatment, but they are often treated to prevent them from spreading the infection to other dogs or to people.A variety of diseases that can infect dogs are spread by ticks, including Lyme disease and many others.Some diseases are more common in specific areas of the U.S.There are many products available that reduce tick bites and kill ticks on dogs; consult your veterinarian about the best product for your dog. .

Commonly Asked Questions About Kennel Cough

What is the underlying cause of “kennel cough”?While many use the term “kennel cough” to refer to respiratory infections caused by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica, there are a multitude of viruses and bacterial agents that can cause a dog to develop a cough.If your dog begins coughing, it is important to have a physical exam performed by your regular veterinarian to rule out any other underlying causes that may be responsible for the animal’s symptoms.While Bordetella vaccinations offer protection against infections caused by the bacteria, they cannot prevent 100% of infections, and they cannot offer immunity against other bacterial or viral causes of infectious tracheobronchitis.However, in cases where the dog is lethargic, has a fever or lack of appetite, your veterinarian may recommend additional diagnostics such as blood work, chest radiographs and sample submission.As a result, any dog with a suspected respiratory infection should be kept away from other dogs for at least one week after all symptoms have completely resolved.Although there is the chance that a mild respiratory infection may become more serious, the majority of infections are typically self limiting and characterized by a mild cough that lasts 1-2 weeks.However, even if your animal’s symptoms are mild it is important to schedule a physical examination with your regular veterinarian.These infections are strains that are specific to dogs, and cannot be passed on to humans, felines or other non canine pets.Coughing is a result of inflammation caused by the actions of a viral or bacterial infection.How often should my dog be vaccinated against kennel cough? .

Kennel Cough or Tracheobronchitis in Dogs

Kennel cough is a broad term covering any infectious or contagious condition of dogs where coughing is one of the major clinical signs.What are the clinical signs of kennel cough other than coughing?It is often a mild disease, but the cough may be chronic, lasting for several weeks in some cases.Most dogs with infectious tracheobronchitis will cough when the throat is rubbed or palpated, or during and after exercise.Often, the hacking cough caused by kennel cough will persist for several weeks after the infection.If your dog has kennel cough it is unlikely that they will lose their appetite or become lethargic.Bordetella vaccination is also highly recommended for dogs that are boarded, groomed, or interact with other dogs in areas such as dog parks.How are the Bordetella vaccines administered? .

Is It Safe For Dogs to Drink Out Of Communal Water Bowls

When you’re out and about at a dog park or on an outdoor adventure, it’s convenient to spot a communal water bowl available to hydrate your precious pup.It is possible for dogs drinking out of communal bowls or fountains to be infected with diseases or parasites.Communal water bowls can also be contaminated with fecal matter.Here’s a few of the diseases that can be spread from dog to dog through a communal bowl.Diseases are spread through contamination of the water itself or even the dog bowls.Giardia is spread through fecal contamination and it can often be found in standing water like puddles or bowls.Giardia is an intestinal parasite that can cause diarrhea in dogs since it hurts their ability to absorb water and nutrients.While dogs with kennel cough are typically quarantined and not allowed in public spaces, it is possible for this infection to be passed through contaminated water bowls.Salmonella is a bacteria that can survive in the water (and can infect dogs as well as humans).Contaminated water sources can easily harbor bacteria and diseases, so it’s important to keep your four-legged friend safe by having your own water source that’s just for them.The best way to protect your precious canine companion from any potential communal water bowl hazards (or the temptation of drinking from a dirty puddle), is to have a water bottle or collapsible water bowl with you, along with a source of fresh water.If you’re not carrying a water bottle or bowl on you, you can stop by a local restaurant or coffee shop and ask for a cup of water that you can give your dog. .

Kennel Cough: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

But if your dog is coughing or gagging more often and without an obvious cause, it might be kennel cough.Veterinarian Clif Paulsen of Cedar Valley Veterinary Center shares common symptoms, causes, and treatment options for kennel cough.In fact, kennel cough is typically brought on by a combination of both bacterial and viral agents.Some forms of kennel cough can even be non-infectious, meaning they’re caused by environmental irritants or other health issues rather than something that’s contagious.Often though, when people use the term kennel cough, they’re referring to Bordetella—a contagious bacteria that can cause respiratory issues and cold-like symptoms in dogs.Kennel cough spreads between dogs in the same way kids get sick at daycare, he says.The incubation period for kennel cough is from two to14 days, and symptoms should start to subside on their own after a couple of weeks.If your dog exhibits mild symptoms, a diagnosis isn’t usually necessary since most cases clear up on their own.For this reason, kennel cough treatment is often a “wait and see” approach, Paulsen says.“A lot of times, if you see your veterinarian, they might treat it symptomatically and nothing more,” he explains.So while the illness is not entirely preventable, you can greatly reduce your dog’s chances of contracting kennel cough with up-to-date vaccinations. .

Kennel Cough Facts — The Pawsitive Pooch

Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease (CIRD) is the medical term often used interchangeably for a number of respiratory diseases with similar symptoms, one of which is Bordetella, also known as “Kennel Cough.” Kennel cough is a bacteria (Bordetella bronchiseptica) spread through saliva and/or aerosolized particles from an infected dog, either through direct contact or through exposure to surfaces that an infected dog has had contact with.Any one of these common situations can put your dog at increased risk for Kennel Cough:.Even brief contact with an infected surface such as a bush or sidewalk is enough to transmit kennel cough.Kennel Cough can survive outside for a limited time (about half an hour), but is highly contagious until that point.You can also transmit kennel cough from an infected dog on your hands, shoes, and clothing.Even vaccinated dogs may still contract Kennel Cough, as no vaccine exists to cover every strain, which does mutate rapidly.Veterinarians usually rely on visible signs of disease, specifically the characteristic hacking or gagging cough.If your pup contracts Kennel Cough, the policy at Pawsitive Pooch is to contact your veterinarian immediately for advice, and to wait at least one week from the time your dog starts treatment (if recommended) before returning to daycare, assuming they are on the expected course of recovery and no longer exhibiting symptoms.We ask that you please contact your vet for his or her opinion before returning as well. .

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