Can A Dog Get Kennel Cough At Home
Edward R. Forte
October 12, 2021
Crates & Kennels
Kennel cough is one of the most common and contagious diseases of dogs.It can occur in both adult dogs and puppies.Even though kennel cough is often deemed a “self-limiting” disease, — i.e., one that will go away by itself — almost all veterinarians I know prescribe antibiotics.I tell my clients that while ITB is by far the disease your dog is most likely to be exposed to, it is also the least harmful of any disease we vaccinate against.We hear this sentence so often: “I don’t board my dog, so he doesn’t need it.” However, in my opinion, any dog whose nose comes anywhere near any other dog’s nose should get the vaccine.The bottom line with kennel cough is you should have your dog vaccinated once a year, whether they spend time in a boarding kennel, dog day-care, dog park or at doggie play dates — or not. .
Kennel Cough: Signs and Symptoms
It also makes the animal more susceptible to a secondary infection.It is named kennel cough because it can quickly spread through a kennel and infect every dog.Kennel cough can be transmitted by aerosols released when a sick animal coughs, by direct contact with an infected animal, or by the sharing of contaminated objects.Symptoms ususally develop three to ten days after exposure to an infected animal.Your veterinarian will examine your dog to exclude other causes of a nonproductive cough, such as heart disease, fungal and parasitic infections like heartworm disease, a collapsing trachea, and cancer.Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms.Kennel cough can occasionally progress to pneumonia so it is important to monitor your pet and notify your veterinarian if he or she isn't improving.Speak with your veterinarian to learn more about kennel cough and the best way to protect your dog from it. .
Kennel Cough in Dogs and Puppies: What Is the Treatment for
It’s typically spread when a healthy dog is exposed to the respiratory secretions of an infected dog.Kennel cough can cause mild symptoms in some dogs but can progress to a life-threatening pneumonia in other dogs.Kennel cough is an infectious bronchitis that causes the trachea and bronchioles to become inflamed, resulting in a dry, hacking cough.Some dogs may only have a mild cough, while others can become very ill with a life-threatening pneumonia.What Are the Symptoms of Kennel Cough?Many dogs with kennel cough can recover without complication; however, some dogs can become very sick with life-threatening pneumonia.Dogs that have complicated cases of kennel cough can be sick for three to six weeks, with a long road to recovery.What Is the Kennel Cough Treatment?The treatment for kennel cough will depend on your dog and the severity of the kennel cough.It should take about one to two weeks for a dog to recover from a mild case of kennel cough.The cost of kennel cough treatment in complicated cases can sometimes be over $1,000 depending on the number of days of hospitalization required.Honey can be a great home remedy for kennel cough as it can help soothe your dog's throat and minimize coughing.The humidifier will moisten the air that your dog breathes, which can help with irritation of the respiratory tract.Rest is very important for your dog while recovering from kennel cough.Try to reduce the amount of exercise your dog gets on a daily basis while they are recovering from kennel cough—this can help with healing and reduce coughing spells.How to Help Your Dog to Recover From Kennel Cough. .
5 Facts About the Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs
By the time your veterinarian finishes going over the list of vaccines your dog needs, your dog’s overall physical condition — perhaps reminding you to cut back on the scraps, and has answered your questions about your dog’s newest behavioral quirk, it is easy to forget what she said about the Bordetella vaccine.Here is what you need to know about Bordetella and kennel cough to make sure your dog is up-to-date with his shots when he needs it most.Instead, most veterinarians and canine professionals call the disease kennel cough, which can lead to some confusion about what the Bordetella vaccine is for.It is usually spread in areas where large numbers of dogs are confined, like kennels, which is how the disease got its name.Kennel cough itself is not fatal, but the disease can lead to fatal bronchopneumonia in puppies and chronic bronchitis in senior or immunocompromised dogs, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual, which is why it is important to assess whether or not your dog is at risk of catching the disease when deciding to vaccinate.These symptoms are also similar to those dogs infected with canine distemper and the canine influenza virus, which are much more serious than kennel cough, so make sure you call your veterinarian and explain your dog’s symptoms.The best way to determine when or if your dog needs the Bordetella vaccine is to consult your veterinarian.However, your veterinarian may advise against getting the Bordetella vaccine if your dog is immunocompromised, sick, or pregnant, and she will discuss the risks and benefits of the vaccine for dogs with a previous history of vaccine reactions. .
Kennel Cough in Dogs
Although these vaccines may help, they do not guarantee protection against kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis because it can be caused by so many different kinds of bacteria and viruses.Also, it is important to realize that neither form of the kennel cough vaccination will treat active infections. .
The Many Causes of Kennel Cough
Their lungs will usually sound normal, but some may experience lethargy and have a slight fever like my young pup.But here I had a pup who was still in the critical period of socialization.Besides, I had already paid for a puppy class that was due to begin in three weeks.Both the viral and bacterial causes present with similar clinical signs so they are commonly grouped as “kennel cough.”.This, in turn, predisposes the dog to invasion by bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or other virulent organisms.There are at least 15 different species of the bacteria known to infect canines.That said, the Bordetella vaccine is often required by facilities prior to boarding and daycare.All items that have come into contact with an infected dog should be cleaned and disinfected after exposure.When I brought my “calm” but not yet outwardly symptomatic pup home, he was already infected.My sister (who works at the shelter I adopted him from) had taken him to her own home before mine, and he was mostly likely shedding the disease while around her two dogs.They were adults (two and four years of age), and had come from the same shelter as my pup; it’s possible that they are immune to the causative agent of Tico’s infection, having been infected with it as puppies from that shelter years prior!Other high-risk dogs are those who are immunosuppressed, dogs without a history of vaccination or disease exposure, pups who lack maternal immunity (did not receive colostrum in the days after birth, or whose mothers had neither a history of vaccination or disease exposure), and dogs who have coexisting subclinical airway disease (such as a congenital anomaly, chronic bronchitis, or bronchiectasis – a chronic condition where the walls of the bronchi are thickened from inflammation and infection).Adult dogs can, and probably most often do, recover from kennel cough with no treatment at all.Strong, healthy puppies raised in homes, too, often recover uneventfully and without treatment.In severe cases, thoracic radiographs may show lung patterns typical of bacterial or viral pneumonia; a complete blood panel may indicate early mild leukopenia (5,000-6,000 cells d/L) suggesting a viral cause, and neutrophilic leukocytosis (a high number of immature white blood cells, indicating an infection or inflammation) is frequently found in cases of severe pneumonia.Medications of choice for severe disease are first generation cephalosporin with gentamicin, amikacin, or enrofloxacin.These are usually effective with antimicrobial therapy continuing 10 days beyond radiographic resolution of the disease.Though rare, dogs can die from CIRD, but those cases are usually a result of severe pneumonia affecting multiple lung nodes.If someone in your family is immunocompromised, please check with that person’s physician before bringing home a sick puppy (or one who was recently exposed to the illness an at animal shelter).Epidemiological studies have shown that cats who have contact with dogs with recent respiratory disease were found to be at risk for B. bronchiseptica infection, and if infected, can develop upper respiratory tract infections.She lives in the San Francisco Bay area with her new puppy, Tico.
7 Tips for Caring for a Dog With Kennel Cough
Canine parvovirus (or just parvo) is an extremely contagious disease that any dog can get, but puppies in particular are most susceptible due to their young immune systems. .
Commonly Asked Questions About Kennel Cough
What is the underlying cause of “kennel cough”?While many use the term “kennel cough” to refer to respiratory infections caused by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica, there are a multitude of viruses and bacterial agents that can cause a dog to develop a cough.If your dog begins coughing, it is important to have a physical exam performed by your regular veterinarian to rule out any other underlying causes that may be responsible for the animal’s symptoms.While Bordetella vaccinations offer protection against infections caused by the bacteria, they cannot prevent 100% of infections, and they cannot offer immunity against other bacterial or viral causes of infectious tracheobronchitis.However, in cases where the dog is lethargic, has a fever or lack of appetite, your veterinarian may recommend additional diagnostics such as blood work, chest radiographs and sample submission.As a result, any dog with a suspected respiratory infection should be kept away from other dogs for at least one week after all symptoms have completely resolved.Although there is the chance that a mild respiratory infection may become more serious, the majority of infections are typically self limiting and characterized by a mild cough that lasts 1-2 weeks.However, even if your animal’s symptoms are mild it is important to schedule a physical examination with your regular veterinarian.These infections are strains that are specific to dogs, and cannot be passed on to humans, felines or other non canine pets.Coughing is a result of inflammation caused by the actions of a viral or bacterial infection.How often should my dog be vaccinated against kennel cough? .
Kennel Cough or Tracheobronchitis in Dogs
Because kennel cough can be caused by a number of pathogens, it is often referred to as the Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex (CIRDC).It is often a mild disease, but the cough may be chronic, lasting for several weeks in some cases.If your dog has kennel cough it is unlikely that they will lose their appetite or become lethargic.Kennel cough is very contagious, and dogs can readily transmit it by casual contact such as sniffing each other when on a walk, playing, or sharing water dishes.Certain factors increase the likelihood that your dog may contract kennel cough including stress, cold temperatures, exposure to dust or smoke, and crowded conditions.Some cases require prolonged treatment, but most infections resolve within one to three weeks.Mild clinical signs may linger for several weeks even when the bacteria have been eliminated."Immunity, even if the dog has experienced a natural infection, is neither solid nor long-lasting.". .
Kennel Cough - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
If you're worried about your dog, take them to see the vet.If needed, they may also prescribe a canine cough medicine or an anti-inflammatory to sooth your dog’s throat.Is there a kennel cough vaccine?However, if your dog catches the strain known as ‘Bordetella bronchispetica’, they should be immune for between six to 12 months.Most of the canine viruses cannot be transmitted to humans. .