Dog Harness With Neck Collar
Edward R. Forte
October 12, 2021
Collars, Leashes, And Harnesses
Harnesses offer better control, which is especially important on busy streets or in crowds.Very small dogs can be prone to injury from pulling or tugging on the leash.Once you’ve decided to use a harness, which one is best for your dog?These harnesses have varied features and uses to help you choose the right one.In Partnership with Find Your Perfect Home Places Buy Rent Search Now *Dog friendly rental filter applied to results.This simple adjustable nylon harness comes in several sizes and lots of fun colors.This lightweight, breathable harness has a quick-release buckle, is adjustable, and comes in eight bold colors.If you’re going to use a harness, why not get one that does double duty?This reflective harness puts no pressure on your dog’s sensitive neck and has four adjustment points for a perfect fit.With five adjustment points, this harness is almost like having a custom fit for any dog.With gingham frills and a satin bow, this harness will suit even the fussiest canine fashionista. .
A flat collar should fit comfortably on your dog's neck; it should not be so tight as to choke your dog nor so loose that they can slip out of it.This collar is designed for dogs with narrow heads such as Greyhounds, Salukis, Whippets and other sighthounds.It is also useful for a dog of any breed who is adept at slipping out of their collar or for fearful dogs who may try to retreat while out on a walk.The head collar is good for strong, energetic dogs who may jump and/or pull.Otherwise, ask your dog trainer or a knowledgeable sales clerk for assistance with fitting.Proper fit and use should minimize the risk of injury to your dog.Then they should only wear it when you are taking them out on a leash. .
Dog Harness Vs. Collar: Safety Pros and Cons of Each
Head Halter Training for Dogs
Head halters are commonly used as an alternative to neck control collars and have many advantages.Firstly, they make control easier, requiring less physical effort, so you don’t end up battling with your pet or trying to save your shoulders from being pulled out of their sockets when going for a walk like you do when using a flat neck collar.However, if you know your pet has an aggression problem, a muzzle may be more suitable as it will prevent biting without having to rely on owner control.Because pets tend to pull against pressure, a strategic but gentle pull in just the right direction may be all that is needed to get your pet moving in the opposite direction.How do I use a head halter to aid in the training of desirable behaviors such as a sit, relaxed walk, quiet, turn around, back up, and down?How do I use head halters to help manage undesirable behaviors?Similarly a pull on the leash can be used to immediately curtail pulling, barking, chewing, stealing, stool eating and some forms of aggression.With a long leash left attached, the head halter can also be used to interrupt behaviors from afar such as garbage raiding, house soiling or digging.Halters themselves are not cruel, but like any collar they can cause irritation if a little time is not spent fitting the halter properly and training your animal to accept wearing it.How do I get my dog to feel comfortable wearing a head halter?You may be able to keep your dog distracted by playing a game, giving treats or going for a short walk with the leash attached to the neck collar.Training can begin indoors, in your yard or on a short walk.In this way your dog learns that you have control of the head with light pressure and verbal commands.The important rule is to work at a rate that your pet can accept and cope with.Then, using a leash, favored food treats and plenty of praise, it may be possible to play with your dog or take him for a short walk while he gets accustomed to the head halter.Here is a brief overview for fitting and use of the Gentle Leader®.How do I use the head halter to treat behavior problems?To achieve a relaxed sit and focus, the dog can be taught to sit and stay for gradually longer periods of time before the reward is given.To teach a relaxed down, the dog is reinforced for lying in place with a short amount of slack on the leash, and reinforced for gradually longer down times.As with sit/focus, the goal is to reinforce gradually longer and increasingly more relaxed sessions of downtime.Relaxation can be observed by monitoring breathing and body postures (e.g., lying over onto one hip).Again progressively longer and more relaxed behavior should be reinforced before release.Once the dog will settle and relax in a sit, down, or on its bed, these commands can be used as part of a program to improve undesirable behavior.Teaching the dog to back up can usually be accomplished quite quickly with head halter training by pulling forward on the leash and taking a step or two backward.Similarly if the pet is beginning to pull ahead and it needs to be removed from the situation, a command such as “let’s go” can be extremely effective at both preventing confrontation and diffusing anxiety.While walking on a loose leash, teach your dog to turn and follow you by saying a command such as “let’s go” or turn around and begin to walk in the other direction. .
Dog Pulling on the Leash: Effects of Restraint by a Neck ...
Anecdotally, dogs pull more when wearing a back-connection harness; however, there is no scientific evidence for this perception.A within-subject counterbalanced design was used for the study, involving 52 shelter dogs.The maximal and mean leash tension and the pulling time were greater under restraint by harness when attracting dogs with food treats.No significant difference between harness and collar was found in potential stress-related behaviours (e.g.However, dogs looked at the experimenter more often when restrained by harness than collar in the food treat attraction test.No significant difference was detected between harness and collar with respect to leash tension and stress-related behaviours in the toy attraction test.Despite increasing emphasis on loose leash heelwork, many dogs still lunge and/or consistently pull on the leash during walks, especially when encountering stimuli of interest to them, such as food scraps or another dog (8).Researchers have investigated the controlling effects and potential welfare concerns of different restraint types.For dogs wearing collars, excess pressure on the neck may cause musculoskeletal and tracheal injuries, and/or have negative effects on their eyes (11).(12) found that, compared to head collars, dogs were more disobedient on the leash while wearing traditional neck collars, although no significant differences in physiological responses, including blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate, pupil diameter, and plasma cortisol concentrations, were detected.Studies regarding the effect of harnesses on canine walking patterns are inconclusive.(13) found that harnesses influenced canine gait during walking and trotting by restricting their shoulder extension.(14), however, reported that harnesses did not affect the dog's walking kinematics when they were walking off-leash or with a tense leash, and Grainger et al.There is a variety of equipment that owners use to walk their dogs, with flat-collars and back-connection harnesses being the most popular equipment choices (9).Despite plentiful literature concerning the potential animal welfare concerns stemming from different restraint methods, there is limited research of the effect of restraints on canine pulling behaviours.This study examines this empirical hypothesis by investigating how strongly and for how long dogs pull on the leash to reach something they want while under restraint by a neck-collar vs.It was hypothesised that dogs would pull more strongly and for longer when the leash was connected to a harness compared to a neck collar, in line with common anecdotal opinion.Dogs were housed individually in rows of adjacent kennels (1.8 m wide × 1.2 m long × 3.0 m high) indoors and were able to make visual but not physical contact with one another across the central passage.Therefore, all participant dogs were used to both restraint types and wore both restraints at all times during the study.Dogs with behavioural or medical issues (e.g., overtly aggressive or timid; suspected neck problems), as assessed by the RSPCA's behavioural modification team and veterinarians, that were deemed to be unsuitable for research were excluded from the study.Subjects were otherwise randomly selected from the adoption pens.These levels are assigned by RSPCA QLD staff based on their ease of walking on the leash during their daily walk.Level 1 dogs were those that walked on a loose leash most of the time.Level 2 was assigned to dogs pulling on the leash during the walk occasionally and displaying more undesirable behaviours than level 1 dogs.Level 3+ was reserved for dogs having severe behavioural issues, such as overt excitement or fearfulness, but which could still be managed by experienced volunteers; however, they were not assessed to necessarily pull on the leash with greater force than level 3 dogs.A within-subject counterbalanced design was used in this study, with each individual dog acting as its own matched control.The leash tension metre (RobacScience, New South Wales, Australia) (18) was connected to the tie-up ring using two carabiners (Anko, Australia) (Figure 3A).Two-hundred-and-six (food treat trials: n = 104; toy trials: n = 102) videos were coded in their entirety with Boris behaviour observation software (22) using a continuous recording method.All videos were coded by an independent observer who was unaware of the research hypothesis being tested.Given the potential tissue damage to dogs when the leash tension was kept around 1% of body-weight-force, a threshold was set as 1% of body weight (32).Recorded data were processed using MATLAB® (MATLAB® and Statistics Toolbox Release 2018b, The MathWorks, Inc., Natick, MA, USA).For more details regarding the leash tension metre, please refer to Shih et al., (18).Given the within-subject counterbalanced design, a Wilcoxon signed-rank test was initially used to evaluate our primary hypotheses concerning the difference between the harness and collar in terms of leash tension, pulling time, and behaviours expressed.Linear mixed-effects models followed by the backward elimination process were used for analyses.Bivariate analysis (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) of leash tension between neck collar and chest harness conditions.Dogs looked at the experimenter significantly more frequently in the harness condition when tested with food treats (Wilcoxon signed-rank test: p = 0.011; mixed-effect model: p = 0.039) (Tables 4, 5).Bivariate analysis (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) of behaviours expressed in neck collar and chest harness conditions.It may be that the toy was less appealing than food treats for many dogs, and/or dogs were generally less reactive to a toy when on-leash, since generally dogs do not play with a squeaky tennis ball when on-leash.It is also possible that the squeaky toy may be perceived as a foreign object that could potentially elicit more careful behaviour or even fear in shelter dogs as also seen in one of the participating dogs.It might be that dogs were habituated to the research process and thus were less responsive in the later toy tests.Accordingly, they may be more likely to consider alternative solutions to the problem of accessing the resource, which may involve seeking assistance from humans through referential looking (35, 36).This would explain why other potential behavioural markers of distress did not increase as well.The primary factor of interest was the role of restraint type (neck collar and back-connection harness) as a predictor of leash tension and behaviour regardless of the variation caused by other factors, which is why the data were analysed first using a simple bivariate analysis.Therefore, these factors were included in multivariable models for further analysis.Pressure sensors embedded in collars and harnesses have been utilised to assess the potential welfare and health impact of different restraint types on dogs.With a leash tension metre, it is possible to identify whether transient peak force or continuous pulling by a dog is more important to the experience of walking the dog and the risk of relevant injuries to either handler or dog.Another useful application of this device would be to explore the effects of other restraint types (e.g., different textures or widths of collar and different designs of collar and harness, especially those designed to reduce pulling) on canine leash pulling behaviour and owner response as a result.Dogs with this problem would be a useful population to study further.Nonetheless, even well-behaved dogs may occasionally surge towards a focus of interest and this study deliberately did not involve pulling initiated by the handler and is the first study to quantify the effect of restraint types on leash tension.Limitations include the use of only shelter dogs; therefore, broad generalisations of the specific results should be made with caution.However, this population allowed us to work with a population that has experience of both forms of restraint, and is a strength of this study, since neither device on the dog was novel.However, we acknowledge that the history of restraint types used for each dog was unknown.Finally, future studies might build on this by examining the effects of breed on the results, since some dog breeds have been specifically bred to pull objects (e.g., Alaskan malamutes and Siberian huskies), and may be more resistant to the pressure resulting from leash pulling (11).Although increased pulling behaviour was related to the back-connection harness, this was not accompanied by a significant increase in potential stress-related responses.MP is employed as the principal scientist by RSPCA, Qld.Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.We thank RSPCA, QLD for allowing us to conduct this research at the shelter.We also appreciate all dogs and RSPCA staff for playing important roles in this study.The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2021.735680/full#supplementary-material.Bowes M, Keller P, Rollins R, Gifford R. The effect of ambivalence on onleash dog walking compliance behavior in parks and protected areas.Day MJ, Breitschwerdt E, Cleaveland S, Karkare U, Khanna C, Kirpensteijn J, et al.Surveillance of zoonotic infectious disease transmitted by small companion animals.Klainbart S, Bibring U, Strich D, Chai O, Bdolah-Abram T, Aroch I, et al.Retrospective evaluation of 140 dogs involved in road traffic accidents.Social contact in shelter dogs: literature review and recommendations.Adopting shelter dogs: Owner experiences of the first month post-adoption.Cooperation Research Center for Biomechanics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary (2018).The behavioral effects of walking on a collar and harness in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris).Hartpury College Research Takes the Pressure Off Dog Walking with HBM Miniature Load Cell.Shih H-Y, Georgiou F, Curtis RA, Paterson MBA, Phillips CJC.Behavioural evaluation of a leash tension meter which measures pull direction and force during human-dog on-leash walks.Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Australia.Friard O, Gamba M. BORIS: a free, versatile open-source event-loggingsoftware for video/audio coding and live observations.Palestrini C, Minero M, Cannas S, Rossi E, Frank D.
Video analysis of dogs with separation-related behaviors.Relationships between personality of human–dog dyads and performances in working tasks.Beerda B, Schilder MBH, van Hooff JARAM, de Vries HW, Mol JA.Behavioural, saliva cortisol and heart rate responses to different types of stimuli in dogs.McGowan RTS, Bolte C, Barnett HR, Perez-Camargo G, Martin FO.The measurable positive impact of a 15-min petting session on shelter dog well-being.Carter A, McNally D, Roshier A. Canine collars: an investigation of collar type and the forces applied to a simulated neck model.Miklósi Á, Kubinyi E, Topál J, Gácsi M, Virányi Z, Csányi V.
A simple reason for a big difference: wolves do not look back at humans, but dogs do.Peham C, Limbeck S, Galla K, Bockstahler B. Pressure distribution under three different types of harnesses used for guide dogs.Shih H-Y, Paterson MBA, Georgiou F, Pachana NA, Phillips CJC.Effects of human gender and dog sex on human–dog dyads when walking on-leash.Shih H-Y, Paterson MBA, Georgiou F, Mitchell L, Pachana NA, Phillips CJC, et al.Willmott H, Greenheld N, Goddard R. Beware of the dog?An observational study of dog-related musculoskeletal injury in the UK.
How To Measure Your Dog
It can be difficult to know what size dog harness , coat, or collar your pup needs.If you’re a visual learner, try this video: How to Measure Your Dog for Coats & Harnesses .Whether your dog is small, medium, or large, you should use the same methods to measure her.If you’re having trouble deciding where to measure, feel for her shoulders.In addition to measurements, there are other factors that should also influence your purchase. .
The Pros and Cons of a Dog Harness or Collar
While they’re indispensable for identification, a dog collar may not always be the right choice as a training tool or point of control on your dog.They’re popular as a first option with puppies, but have also been used by owners of dogs that like to pull on walks or that are large and harder to control.The biggest benefit of a dog harness is the shift in pressure from the neck to a larger area of the body.However, it’s very important to note that a poor-fitting harness can be just as detrimental to your dog’s well-being as a collar with too much pressure applied in the wrong area.Every dog should wear a collar for identification purposes, but if you’re trying to decide on a harness versus collar for walking and training, take into account your dog’s breed and personality, as well as your experience and common scenarios you may encounter.If you are running with your dog or allowing some additional freedom on a long line, a harness is always recommended to avoid them hurting their neck if they build up momentum and reach the end of the leash while traveling at high speeds.However, by being informed of the pros and cons of dog collars versus harnesses, you can make the right choice for your pet. .
Collar or harness: which is better for your dog?
According to PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), when it comes to both safety and comfort, using a harness is always the best way to walk a dog.A harness will alleviate pressure on your dog’s neck and it also makes it easier to pull them out of harm’s way if they get into trouble.Let’s consider a little more about why it’s dangerous to take your dog for a walk using a neck-collar leash…. .
5 Ways Collars Can Harm Your Dog
If used in the wrong way, collars can put your dog at risk of strangulation.“It can lead to a limb breaking.” She has also seen dogs get their teeth or tongue stuck in a too-loose collar while grooming themselves, which can lead to broken teeth and other mouth injuries.A collar that is too tight can also be harmful to a dog, and even a “moderately tight” collar can lead to skin irritation, Hodges says.In general, to protect your pup’s neck, Hodges recommends rotating between a few different collars and regularly checking that they still fit well.Traditional collars can harm a dog’s neck if it pulls hard on the leash or if a pet owner uses the collar to pull the dog around.“You are potentially damaging the dog’s neck by jerking it,” Hodges says.A chest harness can be a safer alternative to neck collars that put a lot of strain on a dog’s neck, she adds.Even if a collar does not lead to any serious injuries, the wrong collar can simply be irritating for a dog.Finally, while collars are vital for holding ID tags, make sure your dog is also microchipped so that when you remove your pup’s collar at night, which Hodges recommends, the dog can still be identified in an emergency. .