Which Dog Is Not Allowed In India
Edward R. Forte
October 20, 2021
Bags & Cleaning Supplies
Bose is not a historian and does not pretend to be one, but the evening made for more interesting and innovative public history than that of efforts elsewhere.We progressed from the Bombay of Bose’s youth to the Calcutta of his father through recitals of poems from his collections Kalagora (a Hindi word meaning black/white man) and Digital Monsoon, and then further back in time through a 1930s scene from the play No Dogs, No Indians, admirably acted by Komal Amin and Ashraf Ejjbair.Bose reminded us constantly that it is the fractured identities imposed under Empire in South Asia and then continually re-ascribed after Empire that he wished to explore.It harks back both to modernist literature in Bengali and the very foundation of post-colonial thought, but it was one that was well-explored and well-communicated to an audience unfamiliar with the subject. .
India's rabid dog problem is running the country ragged
The men grab one, but two escape down the street, forcing them to give chase.Pointed ears pricked with curiosity, they howl as if sounding an alarm throughout the neighbourhood: the ‘catchers’ are here. .
The moment in history when Muslims began to see dogs as dirty
There is, however, quite a different unknown strand of thinking about dogs in Islam, a long history of positive interactions between Muslims and dogs that goes back to the religion’s very beginnings.In the Mosque of the Prophet in Medina, the second holiest site in the world for Muslims after the Kaaba, dogs were regularly seen frolicking about during the prophet’s life and for centuries after as well.Many of the world’s largest cities in the millennium between 700 and 1700 were Muslim cities.They of course continued to protect property and shoo away intruders, but in cities dogs served an even more important function—they ate garbage.All of this meant that Muslims throughout the world were in regular daily contact with the many dogs in their midst.City planners and governments throughout the Middle East therefore started to excise these sources of disease from the increasingly crowded districts in which their people lived.Dogs used to keep streets clean.Now humans did.For those of us—Muslims or otherwise—whose most regular interaction with a living nonhuman animal is with a dog, the story of dogs in Islam offers another lesson as well.For most of history, they were not pets. .
Form Center • Indian Trail, NC • CivicEngage
No animals other than dogs may be brought into the fenced area.North Carolina State Law requires that any owner of a dog shall have their pet vaccinated by 4 months of age and are responsible for keeping their pets’ vaccinations up to date.Aggressive and female dogs in heat are not allowed inside the park.Any dog found to have bitten another dog/person will lose all park privileges.The Town of Indian Trail and its Park & Recreation Department are not responsible for individual’s pets or any injuries that may occur while using this facility.Sick or injured animals are not permitted in the Dog Park.Professional dog trainers are not permitted to use the facility to conduct business unless prior approval is granted by the Town of Indian Trail Parks & Recreation Department.The Town of Indian Trail is not responsible for any and all personal belongings. .
High-Risk Countries for Dog Rabies
Beginning July 14, 2021, there is a temporary suspension for dogs imported from high-risk countries for dog rabies. .
Eliminating Dog-Mediated Rabies in Sikkim, India: A 10 ...
A third of the world rabies burden is in India.The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination.The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration between the Government of Sikkim and international non-government organizations—Vets Beyond Borders and Fondation Brigitte Bardot.Activities are directed to canine rabies vaccination, humane dog population control, community education, and treatment of sick and injured animals.In 2005, there were 0.74 human rabies deaths per 100,000 (4 deaths) within Sikkim, and from 2006 to 2015, there were no human rabies deaths.From 2005 to 2010, the incidence of animal rabies is unknown; from 2010 to 2016, eight cases of animal rabies were reported.Major challenges for the program are continued commitment to rabies control in the face of 0 to low human rabies incidence and the risk of rabies incursions.Globally, the incidence of human rabies deaths transmitted from dogs is estimated at 59,000 people, and a third of the world rabies burden is in India (1, 2).In India, there is no national strategy for the elimination of rabies (1), and rabies is not a notifiable disease.The state of Sikkim has implemented a state-wide One Health rabies program since 2006.Sikkim is a small Himalayan state in North East India bordered by Nepal, China, and Bhutan (Figure 1), with a population of 610,000 (2011 census) (6).The core components of the Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program (the Program) are canine rabies vaccination, dog population management, and rabies prevention education, which have been shown to control and prevent rabies leading to elimination (7, 8).The Program enjoys strong community support within Sikkim for its efforts in rabies control and improvements in animal welfare.The SARAH program was created as a collaboration between the Government of Sikkim, Australian non-government organization (NGO)—Vets Beyond Borders (VBB), and French NGO—Fondation Brigitte Bardot (FBB) in response to the public of Sikkim requesting that mass shooting of street dogs cease and a more humane method of controlling the dogs be implemented.From 2006, there were no reported cases of human rabies until 2016.Two animal cases were reported in 2010; no further animal cases were reported until 2015.Program data on activities and incidence of dog bites and rabies cases, program funding, and volunteers.This paper provides a perspective on the implementation of the SARAH program for the control and elimination of dog-mediated human rabies in Sikkim and the benefits and challenges of a One Health approach (7, 9, 10).In urban areas, there is an increasing incidence of western-style pet ownership with dogs living inside as members of the family.Over the lifetime of the SARAH program, use of butterfly nets has reduced, and most dogs can now be caught by hand by the SARAH team or community members.In South Sikkim where there are many contract workers, the unsupervised roaming dog population is 27% (Table 2).Estimated number of dogs and canine rabies vaccination in four districts of Sikkim.There is also a population of feral dogs in the forests in the China border regions, which is likely to be derived from abandoned puppies from army camp dogs.Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health community education on rabies prevention have been designed around core Buddhist and Nepali Hindu religious beliefs including animal sentience, the cherished relationship between people and dogs, and the role of dogs in providing security, and their loyalty and friendship.The Program has been very careful to address the felt needs of the community to generate community participation.Key messages to encourage participation are (1) canine rabies vaccination is needed for control of human rabies, (2) surgical desexing will reduce dog roaming and fighting, and hence the risk of rabies, (3) canine rabies vaccination and sterilization are provided free of charge, (4) sterilization will reduce the number of unwanted puppies, and (5) if your dog is unvaccinated and bites a person, you may be held responsible by the Panchayat (local village council) and the affected person for the cost of PEP for the affected person.The SARAH program has developed over 10 years with capacity building and government commitment from a small NGO-managed program relying substantially on international volunteers to a state-wide government program, providing a One Health model of sustainable dog-mediated rabies elimination.FBB provided funding on a matching grant arrangement with the Government of Sikkim with the expectation that after 3 years the project would be taken over by the government.Initial and subsequent training activities had a strong emphasis on animal welfare and have been critical for community acceptance of the Program and cost control.Important elements for community support for the Program were the adoption of humane catching methods, which cause minimal distress to animals and demonstrate a recognition of animal sentience and the significance of dogs in the community, good surgical outcomes with a low rate of surgical complications (<0.003%), rapid return of dogs to their home territory (within 24 h for healthy dogs), and commitment to treat all sick/injured street dogs.The first was the establishment of the Wildlife Conservation and Feral Dog Program to prevent the spread of wildlife rabies into the dog population in Sikkim by creating a buffer zone of rabies vaccinated dogs in the border regions adjacent to China and Nepal.Critically, the implementation of state-wide rabies vaccination extended the Program to the rural regions of Sikkim.Canine rabies vaccine is provided free of charge; annual rabies vaccination of pet dogs is compulsory under state legislation.A catch-vaccinate-release-resight program is undertaken for street dogs with marking of vaccinated dogs with paint.Vaccination coverage by district is shown in Table 2.The tasks of the committee were to prepare a proposal for rabies to be a notifiable disease in Sikkim, formulate procedures for restrictions of cross-border dog movement, formulate procedures for dog registration, work with the National Centre for Disease Control to establish a State Surveillance Laboratory for rabies control, develop a surveillance system for achieving rabies, and improve garbage control.A major achievement was rabies becoming a notifiable disease in Sikkim in 2014 for animals and humans (23).Current Stage and One Health Outbreak Responses.Both human and canine rabies were controlled in Sikkim during 2006–2015.In December 2014, two people and a number of dogs were bitten by a jackal in a village close to the West Bengal border.Vaccination and Dog Population Control.Rabies vaccination of dogs is the cornerstone of rabies control (25, 26).Recent rabies incursions in South Sikkim occurred in areas where there is human-mediated dog movement, where they have been gaps in vaccine coverage (Table 2), and which is adjacent to West Bengal with no rabies program.A Program team is now permanently located in South Sikkim to improve vaccination coverage and dog population management.Dog population management is important for the Program goals of improved animal welfare (28, 29) and rabies control; the numbers of dogs sterilized annually are approximately 20% of the dogs vaccinated in Sikkim each year (Table 1).This has enabled control of a major cost, for the size of the dog catching team can be a significant cost in a dog population management program (3).The establishment of a One Health Intersectoral Committee provided the authority for SARAH to seek cooperation at district and village level.Education on animal welfare and the obligation to care and value dogs has been associated with increased community participation and support for the Program.There is a temptation to assume that the animal welfare emphasis of the Program will only work in Sikkim where animal sentience is accepted and the complex relationship between people and dogs is acknowledged in festivals such as Tihar (Deepawali).Recent suspect rabies cases highlighted the need for formal and regular intersectoral communication at community level, the need for improved epidemiological data, for enhanced active surveillance related to animal bites, training for appropriate medical response to suspect rabies dog bite, the logistical difficulties in getting both human and animal samples from Sikkim to a laboratory for confirmation of rabies, and the ongoing risk of rabies incursion and sylvatic rabies.If rabies were controlled in domestic dogs in surrounding areas, it is not known if jackal could sustain the circulation of rabies although Lembo (20) concluded that dogs were the only species essential for rabies persistence in the Serengeti.The SARAH program is a State Government supported program and lacks the international resources available to national programs.The recent re-emergence of rabies in Sikkim highlights the imperative of an integrated One Health approach to increase the sensitivity of rabies surveillance and to ensure interruption of rabies transmission.The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health program is funded by the Government of Sikkim, India and Fondation Brigitte Bardot, France.The authors would like to thank the tireless efforts of the many volunteers from Vets Beyond Borders, Australia, who have worked in the program.Hampson K, Coudeville L, Lembo T, Sambo M, Kieffer A, Attlan M, et al.Available from: http://18.104.22.168/national-rabies-control-programme Google Scholar.Fitzpatrick MC, Shah HA, Pandey A, Bilinski AM, Kakkar M, Clark AD, et al.One health approach to cost-effective rabies control in India.Onderstepoort J Vet Res (2014) 81(2):2014. doi:10.4102/ojvr.v81i2.731 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar.Cleaveland S, Lankester F, Townsend S, Lembo T, Hampson K. Rabies control and elimination: a test case for one health.BMC Infect Dis (2015) 15:589. doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1320-2 PubMed Abstract | CrossRef Full Text | Google Scholar.Sikkim.Implementation of an intersectoral program to eliminate human and canine rabies: the Bohol rabies prevention and elimination project.Hampson K, Dushoff J, Cleaveland S, Haydon DT, Kaare M, Packer C, et al.Global Elimination of Dog-Mediated Human Rabies – The Time Is Now.Arkow P. The impact of companion animals on social capital and community violence: setting research, policy and program agendas.Wallace RM, Reses H, Franka R, Dilius P, Fenelon N, Orciari L, et al. .
Indian Rocks Beach Dog Park
The Indian Rocks community is known for miles of beautiful beaches, facilities, and parks.The Indian Rock Nature Preserve is described as a quiet and scenic place to visit.Dogs are not allowed on the beach in Indian Rocks, Florida.There are even showers to give your dog a cooling rinse. .
Pets in Germany
Pets in Germany.And, there are regulations for travel through and to other EU countries with your pet.Bringing your pet(s) to Germany from a non-EU country.There are pet travel services that can be useful, especially if the animal won't be accompanied by the owner.Animals brought into Germany (and other mainland European countries in the EU) do not have to be quarantined if they have the proper vaccinations (and the paperwork to prove that) and if they come from a country on a EU approved list.The animals that are screened and can be approved for import by the Customs Office include cats, dogs, ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs and other rodents, horses, turtles or tortoises (if not considered an endangered species), ornamental fish, parrots and parakeets, carrier pigeons and other types of birds.If you want to bring in any other type of animal you should check with the German Embassy or Consulate in your home country to see what procedures you may need to follow.If you wish to bring a cat or dog into Germany from a country outside the EU, the animal must have been vaccinated for rabies at least 30 days but no more than 12 months prior to its entry.You can download a EU Veterinary Certificate in German/English here.It is a European Union requirement that dogs and cats have an identification number, either on a clearly visible tattoo or as a microchip, and that this number corresponds to one on the examination certificate.If they are not outright banned from the state they face a high licensing fee, must be neutered and must be muzzled and kept on a leash whenever they are off the owner's property.You can also go to www.zoll.de for a detailed list of banned breeds and other information about restrictions on dangerous dogs.There are generally no special restrictions on the importation of service dogs, but they need to meet the vaccination and identification requirements.Service dogs that are included in the "dangerous breeds" categories are defined by the Customs Office (Zollamt) as:.They also state:."Similarly, dangerous dogs which are to be kept as service dogs by public services or armed forces as well as guide dogs, dogs accompanying the disabled and dogs of disaster and rescue protection services may be imported.".Other pets.Birds that may not have been vaccinated face a quarantine of at least 10 days in the country of origin or 30 days in Germany so they can be tested to make sure they do not carry the disease.There is a limit on the number of rabbits that can be brought into Germany.It is recommended to check with the German Embassy or Consulate in your home country before bringing in certain reptiles or other exotic animals to see whether they may fall under the protected or endangered species categories.As in many other countries, dogs must be licensed.Traveling in the EU with your pets.You can take your dog or cat with you when traveling in Germany. .
'Not just a dog bite': why India is struggling to keep rabies at bay
“He came about a week after he was bitten.A rabies shot in time would have saved him,” Masthi says.The only way to achieve this, experts say, is for the Indian government to make rabies a “notifiable” disease like polio or tuberculosis, significantly changing its status.Experts say a government programme is needed to vaccinate and sterilise stray dogs.“Eradicating rabies will take a sustained programme like the one we have for polio, so that measures can be monitored and evaluated.Eradicating rabies requires vaccination and sterilisation of dogs, but the political will for all this is largely missing Maneka Gandhi.The animals are usually fed by dog lovers but no one is responsible for vaccinating them.Dog bites, as opposed to bites from monkeys or bats, cause almost all the cases of rabies in India.Making it a notifiable disease is the only way for it to be taken seriously rather than left as an issue for animal lovers, or those bitten by dogs, to worry about, he says. .